Health Information System

Health Information System
Health Information System
Write a 7- to 10-page technical paper that outlines the acquisition, implementation, standards, policies, and applications of a major health information system such as electronic medical records (EMRs), clinical decision support systems (CDSS), medical administration records (MARs), computerized provider order entry (CPOEs). Discuss the needs, benefits, challenges, and technical specifications of the system.
Assignment Expectations
Your references and citations should be consistent with a particular formatting style such as APA.
Provide references from at least 3 scholarly articles.
Your response should be based on reliable and scholarly material, such as peer-reviewed articles, white papers, technical papers, etc. Do not include information from non-scholarly materials such as wikis, encyclopedias, or (or similar websites).
Your response should incorporate the outcomes of the module with the requirements of this assignment.
Your paper must demonstrate a practical understanding of the architectural framework of the health information system selected.
The United Nations’ Sustainable Development Goals set a high bar for a healthy planet.
It is apparent that accomplishing the goals will necessitate trustworthy data in order to comprehend the scope of the work ahead and make informed decisions about health priorities and resource allocation for the most efficient and effective outcomes.
A well-functioning health information system is required for the collection and generation of high-quality data that can be used to inform all key stakeholders in real time for planning, review, program monitoring, and overall quality assurance and development of the health system.
To achieve these objectives, substantial investments in sophisticated health information systems will be required.
The quality of data collected at health institutions, as well as the capacity to analyze and apply such data, are still insufficient in many countries to support decision-making that will expedite Universal Health Coverage.
WHO emphasizes the importance of assisting countries in strengthening their health information systems (HIS), which provide reliable data on which to base program decisions, support the development of sound national health policies, strategies, and plans, and contribute to the reliable procurement and supply of health products by providing accurate data on needs and usage.
The UNDP’s proposal
In the countries where UNDP is an interim Principal Recipient, UNDP has a wealth of expertise providing technical assistance to national institutions supporting the roll-out of integrated Health Management Information Systems (PR).
UNDP staff in country offices and at the global level play an important role in the international District Health Information System 2 (DHIS2) community, which includes facilitating DHIS2 academies and sharing best practices and experiences about strategic approaches to strengthening HIS systems in both fragile and relatively stable contexts.
Over the course of several years, UNDP has worked to improve Zimbabwe’s health information system.
UNDP collaborated with the Ministry of Health and Child Care (MoHCC) to develop a District Health Information System (DHIS) to replace the previously used primarily paper-based, various reporting methods at health institutions.
The term “health information system” is defined as
A health information system (HIS) is a system that integrates data collecting, processing, reporting, and use of information to improve health care efficacy and efficiency through better management at all levels of the health system.
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What is the significance of a well-functioning HIS?
Understanding population health progress and the efficacy and quality of health-care systems necessitates the ability to track individuals through time as they undergo health-care events, treatments, and improvements or deteriorations in their health.
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Creating health-care systems that are resilient and long-lasting
Building more robust and sustainable health systems necessitates the strengthening of health information systems.
Quality data must be available in a timely manner for governments to respond to demands, especially during public health crises.
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Information to assist critical populations
In order to ensure that services are targeted to the unique requirements of vulnerable groups and key populations most affected by health issues, an effective health information system ensures that information is available on vulnerable groups and key populations most affected by health issues.
A health information system (HIS) refers to a system designed to manage healthcare data. This includes systems that collect, store, manage and transmit a patient’s electronic medical record (EMR), a hospital’s operational management or a system supporting healthcare policy decisions.
Health information systems also include those systems that handle data related to the activities of providers and health organizations. As an integrated effort, these may be leveraged to improve patient outcomes, inform research, and influence policy-making and decision-making. Because health information systems commonly access, process, or maintain large volumes of sensitive data, security is a primary concern.
(HIT) involves the development of health information systems.
Health information systems can be used by everyone in healthcare from patients to clinicians to public health officials. They collect data and compile it in a way that can be used to make healthcare decisions.
Examples of health information systems include:
Electronic Medical Record (EMR) and Electronic Health Record (EHR)
These two terms are almost used interchangeably. The of a patient’s medical history. The electronic health record includes more health data, test results, and treatments. It also is designed to share data with other electronic health records so other healthcare providers can access a patient’s healthcare data.
Practice Management Software
helps healthcare providers manage daily operations such as scheduling and billing. Healthcare providers, from small practices to hospitals, use practice management systems to automate many of the administrative tasks.
Master Patient Index (MPI)
A connects separate patient records across databases. The index has a record for each patient that is registered at a healthcare organization and indexes all other records for that patient. MPIs are used to and inaccurate patient information that can lead to claim denials.
Patient Portals
allow patients to access their personal health data such as appointment information, medications and lab results over an internet connection. Some patient portals allow active communication with their physicians, prescription refill requests, and the ability to schedule appointments.
Remote Patient Monitoring (RPM)
Also known as telehealth, allows medical sensors to send patient data to healthcare professionals. It frequently monitors blood glucose levels and blood pressure for patients with chronic conditions. The data is used to detect medical events that require intervention and can possibly become part of a larger population health study.

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