Group Therapy & Trauma Therapy

Group Therapy & Trauma Therapy
Group Therapy & Trauma Therapy
Group therapy refers to a psychotherapeutic approach where the therapist works with several clients at the same time in the same setting. The group members meet and discuss various issues affecting them, with the therapist guiding them through the session. This therapeutic approach is also ideal for trauma therapy where clients share their experiences and efforts to overcome the adverse effects of trauma.
Group and trauma therapy differs for children in that they may include their parents during the sessions as parents may have more insights on the child’s behavior or actions that point to specific mental disorders. Additionally, parents present during the sessions are integral in reinforcing various psychotherapeutic techniques at home as advised by the therapist (Navaneetham & Ravindran, 2017).
For example, a child with conduct disorder will be accompanied by a parent who is advised on the positive reinforcement techniques to use on the child to encourage improved behavior. Another difference with adult therapy is that child therapy in group contexts may include more of play activities compared to adult sessions.
When treating children, one of the ways to alter techniques is to use play in groups. Play therapy in groups allows the therapist to observe the child and gain insights into their mental health problems (Melero et al., 2021). Children are sometimes unable to adequately articulate their mental health struggles. Playtime allows the clinician a chance to make objective observations about the child’s behaviors and actions (Swan et al., 2019). Children can also use playtime to understand and learn new ways of coping with their symptoms and challenges and how to redirect any inappropriate behavior that emerges.
When treating older adults in therapy, the techniques change because of factors such as their advanced age and the physical illnesses from which they suffer (Perren & Richardson, 2018). Older adults are prone to dementia, Alzheimer’s, and diabetes, among others. Their predisposition to such illnesses should inform the therapist of the best approach to take when counselling them.
References
Melero, S., Morales, A., Espada, J. P., Méndez, X., & Orgilés, M. (2021). Effectiveness of Group vs. Individual Therapy to Decrease Peer Problems and Increase Prosociality in Children. International journal of environmental research and public health, 18(8), 3950. https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph18083950
Navaneetham, N. J., & Ravindran, D. (2017). Group Work Intervention for the Parents of Children with Mental Health Issues Admitted in the Tertiary Care Center. Indian journal of psychological medicine, 39(4), 430–435. https://doi.org/10.4103/0253-7176.211762
Perren, S., & Richardson, T. (2018). Everybody needs a group: A qualitative study looking at therapists’ views of the role of psychotherapy groups in working with older people with dementia and complex needs. Group Analysis, 51(1), 3-17. https://doi.org/10.1177/0533316417748306
Swan, K., Kaff, M., & Haas, S. (2019). Effectiveness of Group Play Therapy on Problematic Behaviors and Symptoms of Anxiety of Preschool Children. The Journal For Specialists In Group Work, 44(2), 82-98. https://doi.org/10.1080/01933922.2019.1599478

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