Research Designs

Observational research designs are useful when we want to explore and describe new relationships between our variables of interest, or for when we want a study that is high in external validity, and as such focuses on how people behave naturally in the real world.  There are some potential sources of error when designing observational research, including: ·       Reactivity-which is a tendency for people to behave differently when they know they are being observed ·       Observer bias- this occurs when researchers collect and measure their data in a way that fits their hypothesis, (perhaps they see ‘what they want to see’) Our task for this week is to design an observational research design to help us learn something about Wrongful Convictions and DNA Exonerations for our literature review.  Generally speaking, the different classes of observational designs include: ·       Natural or systematic observation, where we observe people’s behavior and collect data ·       Use of preexisting data, such as archival research or a meta-analysis, where we use the web to collect observations on available information about our topic ·       Case studies, where we take an in-depth look or review at a specific individual, organization, or situation to see what it may teach us about our topic Our goal is to design a research scenario that is observational in nature, and then to collect data, and write-up a review of what we have learned.  To complete your observational mini-study, please: 1.     Select an observational design and determine what data you will collect, when and where you will collect your data, and how you will define your variables of interest. 2.     After collecting your data, please write-up a 2-3 page review of the following and submit to complete your observational mini-study: a.      What observational research method did you choose and why?  What are some of the advantages and disadvantages of this method and how might they have influenced the results of your study? b.     What, if any, potential ethical considerations may have come up as a result of conducting your study?  (For example privacy, informed consent, anonymity, etc.) c.      The results of your study-what data did you collect, and what might these results mean?  Were you surprised by any of your observations? d.     The implications of your observations and your research question.  What did your results teach you about your topic?  Did you notice any problems in validity or reliability that might have impacted your results or the conclusions you can make from this study?          References   Dioso-Villa, R., Julian, R., Kebbell, M., Weathered, L., & Westera, N. (2016). Investigation to exoneration: A systemic review of wrongful convictions in Australia. Current Issues in Criminal Justice, 28(2), 157-172. Hessick, C. B. (2017). DNA Exonerations and the Elusive Promise of Criminal Justice Reform. Ohio St. J. Crim. L., 15, 271. LaPorte, G. E. R. A. L. D. (2017). Wrongful convictions and DNA exonerations: Understanding the role of forensic science. NIJ Journal, 279, 250705. Liptak, A. (2007, July 23). The study of wrongful convictions raises questions beyond DNA (Published 2007). Retrieved from Meterko, V. (2016). Strengths and Limitations of Forensic Science: What DNA Exonerations Have Taught Us and Where to Go From Here. West Virginia Law Review, 119(2), 8. Ramsey, R. J., & Frank, J. (2007). Wrongful conviction. Crime & Delinquency, 53(3), 436-470. doi:10.1177/0011128706286554 Santos, F. (2007, Jul 03). Playing Down DNA Evidence Contributed to Wrongful Conviction, Review Finds. New York Times Smith, B., Zalman, M., & Kiger, A. (2009). How justice system officials view wrongful convictions. Crime & Delinquency, 57(5), 663-685. doi:10.1177/0011128709335020 Zalman, M. (2006). Criminal justice system reform and wrongful conviction. Criminal Justice Policy Review, 17(4), 468-492. doi:10.1177/0887403406292740

Struggling to find relevant content? Order a custom essay on
Research Designs
Let our experts save you the hassle
Order Now
Calculate the price
Make an order in advance and get the best price
Pages (550 words)
*Price with a welcome 15% discount applied.
Pro tip: If you want to save more money and pay the lowest price, you need to set a more extended deadline.
We know how difficult it is to be a student these days. That's why our prices are one of the most affordable on the market, and there are no hidden fees.

Instead, we offer bonuses, discounts, and free services to make your experience outstanding.
How it works
Receive a 100% original paper that will pass Turnitin from a top essay writing service
step 1
Upload your instructions
Fill out the order form and provide paper details. You can even attach screenshots or add additional instructions later. If something is not clear or missing, the writer will contact you for clarification.
Pro service tips
How to get the most out of your experience with GPA Fix
One writer throughout the entire course
If you like the writer, you can hire them again. Just copy & paste their ID on the order form ("Preferred Writer's ID" field). This way, your vocabulary will be uniform, and the writer will be aware of your needs.
The same paper from different writers
You can order essay or any other work from two different writers to choose the best one or give another version to a friend. This can be done through the add-on "Same paper from another writer."
Copy of sources used by the writer
Our college essay writers work with ScienceDirect and other databases. They can send you articles or materials used in PDF or through screenshots. Just tick the "Copy of sources" field on the order form.
See why 20k+ students have chosen us as their sole writing assistance provider
Check out the latest reviews and opinions submitted by real customers worldwide and make an informed decision.
Social Work and Human Services
Great Work!
Customer 452587, August 31st, 2021
Writer went above and beyond. Can't believe how much work they put in for the price.
Customer 452707, July 10th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Great Job!
Customer 452587, October 27th, 2021
Great job! Thank you.
Customer 452707, May 29th, 2022
Social Work and Human Services
Awesome Work!
Customer 452587, October 20th, 2021
Criminal Justice
always great!
Customer 452465, February 23rd, 2021
Business and administrative studies
Customer 452701, August 16th, 2022
English 101
thank you
Customer 452483, February 27th, 2021
Customer 452813, July 5th, 2022
Customer 452813, June 25th, 2022
Great writing! Really appreciate your help!
Customer 452503, April 22nd, 2021
Criminal Justice
Impressive! Will be using the service again.
Customer 452485, December 5th, 2021
Customer reviews in total
Current satisfaction rate
3 pages
Average paper length
Customers referred by a friend
15% OFF your first order
Use a coupon FIRST15 and enjoy expert help with any task at the most affordable price.
Claim my 15% OFF Order in Chat
error: Content is protected !!