NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes

NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes week 5 discussion initial post COLLAPSE Diabetes and Drug Treatments – NURS6521 Week 5 Example Paper Diabetes affects many people in the world. It is a disease that affects blood glucose levels. There are different types of diabetes. There are many different medications available to treat diabetes. The purpose of this discussion is to discuss the different types of diabetes, a medication used to treat diabetes, and the short- and long-term effects of diabetes. NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes. ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS Types of diabetes There are three main types of diabetes. Type 1 or juvenile, type 2, and gestational diabetes. Type 1 diabetes makes none or very little insulin and is usually diagnosed as a child or adolescent. The body’s immune system damages the insulin-producing beta cells that are stored in the pancreas. When the beta cells are destroyed the body is unable to produce insulin. (Osborn, 2008). Type 1 diabetes used to be called juvenile diabetes. Type 2 diabetes the body does not respond well to insulin and will lead to not making enough insulin. The body will try to compensate and make more insulin but is unable to effectively use it so glucose levels build up in the bloodstream (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2020). Gestational diabetes causes an elevated glucose level during pregnancy (Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research, 2020). Glucose levels usually go back to normal shortly after the baby is born. All three types of diabetes can cause long term effects if left untreated. A drug used for treatment There are many different drugs available to treat diabetes. The drug I am going to discuss is Humalog insulin. Humalog insulin is a short-acting insulin that should be given within thirty- sixty minutes before eating. It is given subcutaneously, and the sites should be rotated after each injection to avoid irritation at the site (Rosenthal & Burchum, 2018). A person with type 1 diabetes should follow a healthy diet. Most people with type 1 diabetes are not overweight and should focus on maintaining their weight. Carbohydrates should come from a variety of food sources. A lot of times Humalog insulin is based on the glucose level and the number of carbs a person consumes. If this is how the dosage is calculated, then it would be given immediately after eating. Humalog insulin is usually prescribed three times a day with meals in type 1 diabetes. The unopened vial should be stored in the refrigerator and can be used up until the expiration date. The opened vial that is being used can be stored at room temperature (Rosenthal & Burchum, 2018). Short- and long-term impact on diabetes Diabetes can affect many different organs in the body. Short term effects of diabetes are that a person may experience hypo or hyperglycemia. Over time high glucose levels can cause damage to the heart, blood vessels, nerves, eyes, and the kidneys. People with diabetes are at an increased risk of cardiovascular problems. High glucose levels can injure the walls in the blood vessels causing numbness, tingling, and or pain in the feet or hands. This is known as neuropathy. Diabetes can damage the filtration center of the kidneys causing kidney failure or chronic kidney disease. Diabetes can also damage the blood vessels in the retina causing blindness. Over time if glucose levels are too high it can damage many different body systems. Conclusion Diabetes affects many people in the world. There are three main types of diabetes. There are many different medications used to treat diabetes. If diabetes is left untreated it can cause many problems to different organs in the body. People can be diagnosed with diabetes as a child or it can develop over time. Reference s Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. (2020, March 11). Type 1 Diabetes. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/basics/type1.html . Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. (2020, February 27). Gestational diabetes. Mayo Clinic. https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/gestational-diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20355339. Osborn, C. O. K. (2008, April 23). What’s the Difference Between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes? https://www.healthline.com/health/difference-between-type-1-and-type-2-diabetes. Rosenthal, L. D., & Burchum, J. R. (2018). Lehne’s pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice providers. Elsevier. NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes. The Assignment The endocrine system includes eight major glands throughout the body which affect such things as growth and development, metabolism, sexual function, and mood (National Institutes of Health). Some of the most commonly diagnosed endocrine disorders include hypothyroidism, diabetes, and Hashimoto’s disease. Not surprisingly, treating any one endocrine disorder may have effects on other body systems or their functions. As an advanced practice nurse, treating patients who may suffer from endocrine disorders requires an acute understanding of the structure and function of the endocrine system. Additionally, a solid understanding of patient factors and behaviors will assist in developing the best drug therapy plans possible to treat your patients. Some of most commonly diagnosed endocrine disorders include This week, you differentiate the types of diabetes and examine the impact of diabetes drugs on patients. You also evaluate alternative drug treatments and patient education strategies for diabetes management. Reference: National Institutes of Health. (n. d.). National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Disorders. Endocrine diseases. Retrieved July 3, 2019 from https://www.niddk.nih.gov/health-information/endocrine-diseases Learning Objectives Students will: Differentiate types of diabetes Evaluate the impact of diabetes drugs on patients Evaluate alternative drug treatments and patient education strategies for diabetes management NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of DiabetesLearning Resources Required Readings (click to expand/reduce) Rosenthal, L. D., & Burchum, J. R. (2018). Lehne’s pharmacotherapeutics for advanced practice providers . St. Louis, MO: Elsevier. Chapter 46, “Drugs for Diabetes Mellitus” (pp. 485–509) Chapter 47, “Drugs for Thyroid Disorders” (pp. 511–520) American Diabetes Association. (2018). Pharmacologic approaches to glycemic treatment: Standards of medical care in diabetes—2018 . Diabetes Care, 41(Supplement 1) , S73–S85. Retrieved from http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/41/supplement_1/s73.full-text.pdf This article provides guidance on pharmacologic approaches to glycemic treatment as it pertains to treating patients with diabetes. Reflect on the content of this article as you continue to examine potential drug treatments for patients with diabetes. Document: Mid-Term Summary & Study Guide (PDF) Discussion: Diabetes and Drug Treatments Photo Credit: [Mark Hatfield]/[iStock / Getty Images Plus]/Getty Images Each year, 1.5 million Americans are diagnosed with diabetes (American Diabetes Association, 2019). If left untreated, diabetic patients are at risk for several alterations, including heart disease, stroke, kidney failure, neuropathy, and blindness. There are various methods for treating diabetes, many of which include some form of drug therapy. The type of diabetes as well as the patient’s behavior factors will impact treatment recommendations. For this Discussion, you compare types of diabetes, including drug treatments for type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. Reference: American Diabetes Association. (2019). Statistics about diabetes. Retrieved from http://diabetes.org/diabetes-basics/statistics/ To Prepare Review the Resources for this module and reflect on differences between types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. Select one type of diabetes to focus on for this Discussion. Consider one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected, including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Then, reflect on dietary considerations related to treatment. Think about the short-term and long-term impact of the diabetes you selected on patients, including effects of drug treatments. By Day 3 of Week 5 Post a brief explanation of the differences between the types of diabetes, including type 1, type 2, gestational, and juvenile diabetes. Describe one type of drug used to treat the type of diabetes you selected, including proper preparation and administration of this drug. Be sure to include dietary considerations related to treatment. Then, explain the short-term and long-term impact of this type of diabetes on patients. including effects of drug treatments. Be specific and provide examples. By Day 6 of Week 5 Read a selection of your colleagues’ responses and respond to at least two of your colleagues on two different days who selected a different type of diabetes than you did. Provide recommendations for alternative drug treatments and patient education strategies for treatment and management. Note: For this Discussion, you are required to complete your initial post before you will be able to view and respond to your colleagues’ postings. Begin by clicking on the “Post to Discussion Question” link, and then select “Create Thread” to complete your initial post. Remember, once you click on Submit, you cannot delete or edit your own posts, and you cannot post anonymously. Please check your post carefully before clicking on Submit! Submission and Grading Information Grading Criteria To access your rubric: Week 5 Discussion Rubric Post by Day 3 of Week 5 and Respond by Day 6 of Week 5 To Participate in this Discussion: Week 5 Discussion ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS Rubric Detail Select Grid View or List View to change the rubric’s layout. Name: NURS_6521_Week5_Discussion_Rubric. NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes Grid View List View Excellent Good Fair Poor Main Posting 45 (45%) – 50 (50%) Answers all parts of the discussion question(s) expectations with reflective critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module and current credible sources. Supported by at least three current, credible sources. Written clearly and concisely with no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style. 40 (40%) – 44 (44%) Responds to the discussion question(s) and is reflective with critical analysis and synthesis of knowledge gained from the course readings for the module. NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes At least 75% of post has exceptional depth and breadth. Supported by at least three credible sources. Written clearly and concisely with one or no grammatical or spelling errors and fully adheres to current APA manual writing rules and style. NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes 35 (35%) – 39 (39%) Responds to some of the discussion question(s). One or two criteria are not addressed or are superficially addressed. Is somewhat lacking reflection and critical analysis and synthesis. Somewhat represents knowledge gained from the course readings for the module. Post is cited with two credible sources. Written somewhat concisely; may contain more than two spelling or grammatical errors. Contains some APA formatting errors. 0 (0%) – 34 (34%) Does not respond to the discussion question(s) adequately. Lacks depth or superficially addresses criteria. Lacks reflection and critical analysis and synthesis. Does not represent knowledge gained from the course readings for the module. Contains only one or no credible sources. Not written clearly or concisely. Contains more than two spelling or grammatical errors. Does not adhere to current APA manual writing rules and style. Main Post: Timeliness 10 (10%) – 10 (10%) Posts main post by day 3 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) Does not post by day 3 First Response 17 (17%) – 18 (18%) Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings. Responds fully to questions posed by faculty. Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources. Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives. Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues. . Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed. Response is effectively written in standard, edited English. 15 (15%) – 16 (16%) Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings. Responds fully to questions posed by faculty. Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources. Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives. Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues. . Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed. Response is effectively written in standard, edited English. 13 (13%) – 14 (14%) Response is on topic and may have some depth. Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication. Responses to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed. Response may lack clear, concise opinions and ideas, and a few or no credible sources are cited. NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes 0 (0%) – 12 (12%) Response may not be on topic and lacks depth. Responses posted in the discussion lack effective professional communication. Responses to faculty questions are missing. No credible sources are cited. Second Response 16 (16%) – 17 (17%) Response exhibits synthesis, critical thinking, and application to practice settings. Responds fully to questions posed by faculty. Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by at least two scholarly sources. Demonstrates synthesis and understanding of learning objectives. Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues. . Responses to faculty questions are fully answered, if posed. Response is effectively written in standard, edited English. 14 (14%) – 15 (15%) Response exhibits critical thinking and application to practice settings. Communication is professional and respectful to colleagues. Responses to faculty questions are answered, if posed. Provides clear, concise opinions and ideas that are supported by two or more credible sources. Response is effectively written in standard, edited English. 12 (12%) – 13 (13%) Response is on topic and may have some depth. Responses posted in the discussion may lack effective professional communication. Responses to faculty questions are somewhat answered, if posed. . Response may lack clear, concise opinions and ideas, and a few or no credible sources are cited. 0 (0%) – 11 (11%) Response may not be on topic and lacks depth. Responses posted in the discussion lack effective professional communication. Responses to faculty questions are missing. No credible sources are cited. Participation 5 (5%) – 5 (5%) Meets requirements for participation by posting on three different days. NURS6521 Week 5: Endocrine System Disorders and the Treatment of Diabetes 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) 0 (0%) – 0 (0%) Does not meet requirements for participation by posting on 3 different days Total Points: 100 Name: NURS_6521_Week5_Discussion_Rubric Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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