NURS 6053 Walden Mod 4 Wk7 Work Environment Assessment Template Discussion

NURS 6053 Walden Mod 4 Wk7 Work Environment Assessment Template Discussion NURS 6053 Walden Mod 4 Wk7 Work Environment Assessment Template Discussion This Work Enviornment Assessment needs to be completed to assist with answering the week 7 DBQ Discussion board Question. -Complete the Work Enviornment Assessment -I attatched the Clark Healthy workplace inventory document from Clark, 2015 -Both documents attatched – To Prepare: Review the Resources and examine the Clark Healthy Workplace Inventory, found on page 20 of Clark (2015). Review and complete the Work Environment Assessment Template in the Resources. nurse_6053_work_envviornment_assessment.doc clark_2015.pdf ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS Work Environment Assessment Template Work Environment Assessment Template Use this document to complete the Module 4 Workplace Environment Assessment. Summary of Results Clark Healthy Workplace Inventory Identify two things that surprised you about the results. Also identify one idea that you believed prior to conducting the Assessment that © 2018 Laureate Education Inc. 1 was confirmed. What do the results of the Assessment suggest about the health and civility of your workplace? Briefly describe the theory or concept presented in the article(s) you selected. Explain how the theory or concept presented in the article(s) relates to the results of your Work Environment Assessment. Explain how your © 2018 Laureate Education Inc. 2 organization could apply the theory highlighted in your selected article(s) to improve organizational health and/or create stronger work teams. Be specific and provide examples. General Notes/Comments © 2018 Laureate Education Inc. 3 Conversations to inspire and promote a more civil workplace Let’s end the silence that surrounds incivility. By Cynthia M. Clark, PhD, RN, ANEF, FAAN “I believe we can change the world if we start listening to one another again. Simple, honest, human conversation…a chance to speak, feel heard, and [where] we each listen well…may ultimately save the world.” Margaret J. Wheatley, EdD GIVEN the stressful healthcare workplace, it’s no wonder nurses and other healthcare professionals sometimes fall short of communicating in respectful, considerate ways. Nonetheless, safe patient care hinges on our ability to cope with stress effectively, manage our emotions, and communicate respectfully. Interactions among employees can affect their ability to do their jobs, their loyalty to the organization, and most important, the delivery of safe, high-quality patient care. The American Nurses Association (ANA) Code of Ethics for Nurses with Interpretive Statements clearly articulates the nurse’s obligation to foster safe, ethical, civil workplaces. It requires nurses “to create an ethical environment and culture of civility and kindness, treating colleagues, coworkers, employees, students, and others with 18 American Nurse Today dignity and respect” and states that “any form of bullying, harassment, intimidation, manipulation, threats, or violence will not be tolerated.” However, while nurses need to learn and practice skills to address CNE 1.0 contact hours L EARNING O BJECTIVES 1. Identify components of a healthy workplace. 2. Discuss how to prepare for a challenging conversation. 3. Describe models for conducting a challenging conversation. The planners of this CNE activity have disclosed no relevant financial relationships with any commercial companies pertaining to this activity. See the last page of the article to learn how to earn CNE credit. The author has disclosed that she receives royalties and consulting fees pertaining to this topic. The article was peer reviewed and determined to be free of bias. Expiration: 11/1/18 Volume 10, Number 11 uncivil encounters, organization leaders and managers must create an environment where nurses feel free and empowered to speak up, especially regarding patient safety issues. All of us must strive to create and sustain civil, healthy work environments where we communicate clearly and effectively and manage conflict in a respectful, responsible way. The alternative— incivility—can have serious and lasting repercussions. An organization’s culture is linked closely with employee recruitment, retention, and job satisfaction. Engaging in clear, courteous communication fosters a civil work environment, improves teamwork, and ultimately enhances patient care. In many cases, addressing incivility by speaking up when it happens can be the most effective way to stop it. Of course, meaningful dialogue and effective communication require practice. Like bowel sound auscultation and nasogastric tube insertion, communication skills can’t be mastered overnight. Gaining competence in civil communication takes time, training, experience, practice, and feedback. What makes for a healthy workplace? The American Association of Critical-Care Nurses has identified six standards for establishing and sustaining healthy work environments—skilled communication, true collaboration, effective decisionmaking, appropriate staffing, meaningful recognition, and authentic leadership. In my own research, I’ve found that healthy work environments also require: • a shared organizational vision, values, and team norms • creation and sustenance of a high level of individual, team, and organizational civility • emphasis on leadership, both formal and informal • civility conversations at all organizational levels.NURS 6053 Walden Mod 4 Wk7 Work Environment Assessment Template Discussion I have developed a workplace inventory that individuals and groups within organizations can use as an evidence-based tool to raise awareness, assess the perceived health of an organization, and determine strengths and areas for improvement. The inventory may be completed either individually or by all team members, who can then compare notes to determine areas for improvement and celebrate and reinforce areas of strength. (See Clark Healthy Workplace Inventory.) How to engage in challenging conversations One could argue that to attain a high score on nearly every inventory item, healthy communication must exist in the organization. So leaders need to encourage open discussion and ongoing dialogue about the elements of a healthy workplace. Sharing similarities as well as differences and spending time in conversation to identify strategies to enhance the workplace environment can prove valuable. But in many cases, having such conversations is easier said than done. For some people, engaging directly in difficult conversations causes stress. Many nurses report they lack the essential skills for having candid conversations where emotions run high and conflictnegotiation skills are limited. Many refrain from speaking with uncivil individuals even when a candid conversation clearly is needed, because they don’t know how to or because it feels emotionally unsafe. Some nurses lack the experience and preparation to directly address incivility from someone in a higher position because of the clear power differential or a belief that it won’t change anything. The guidelines below can help you prepare for and engage in challenging conversations. Reflecting, probing, and committing Reflecting on the workplace culture and our relationships and interactions with others is an important step toward improving individual, team, and organizational success. When faced with the prospect of having a challenging conversation, we need to ask ourselves key questions, such as: • What will happen if I engage in this conversation, and what will happen if I don’t? • What will happen to the patient if I stay silent? In the 2005 report “Silence Kills: The Seven Crucial Conversations for Healthcare,” the authors identified failing to speak up in disrespectful situations as a serious communication breakdown among healthcare professionals, and they asserted that such a failure can have serious patient-care consequences. In a subsequent report, “The Silent Treatment: Why Safety Tools and Checklists Aren’t Enough to Save Lives,” the authors suggested a multifaceted organizational approach to creating a culture where people speak up effectively when they have concerns. This approach includes several recommendations and sources of influence, including improving each person’s ability to be sure all healthcare team members have the skills to be “200% accountable for safe practices.” Ways to acquire safe practice skills include education and training, script development, role-playing, and practicing effective communication skills for high-stakes situations. Creating a safe zone If you’ve decided to engage in a challenging conversation with a coworker who has been uncivil, choose the time and place carefully. Planning wisely can help you create a safe zone. For example, avoid having this conversation in the presence of patients, family, and other observers. Choose a setting where both parties will have as much emotional and physical safety as possible. Both should agree on a mutually beneficial time and place to meet. Ideally, the place should be quiet, private, away from others (especially patients), and conducive to conversation and problem-solving. Select a time when both parties will be free of interruptions, off shift, and well-rested. If a real or perceived power differential exists between you and the other person, try to have a third party present. You may need to initiate the conversation by asking the other person for a meeting. Suppose you and your colleague Sam disagree over the best way to perform a patient care procedure. You might say something like, “Sam, I realize we have different approaches to patient care. Since we both agree patient safety is our top concern, I’m confident that if we sit down and discuss possible solutions, we can work this out. When would you like to get together to discuss this?” NURS 6053 Walden Mod 4 Wk7 Work Environment Assessment Template Discussion Before the meeting, think about how you might have contributed to the situation or conflict; this can help you understand the other per- November 2015 American Nurse Today 19 Clark Healthy Workplace Inventory You can use the inventory below to help determine the health of your workplace. To complete it, carefully read the 20 statements below. Using a scale of 1 to 5, check the response that most accurately represents your perception of your workplace. Check 5 if the statement is completely true, 4 if it’s somewhat true, 3 if it’s neutral, 2 if it’s somewhat untrue, and 1 if it’s completely untrue. Then total the number values of your responses to determine the overall civility score. Scores range from 20 to 100. A score of 90 to 100 indicates a very healthy workplace; 80 to 89, moderately healthy; 70 to 79, mildly healthy; 60 to 69, barely healthy; 50 to 59, unhealthy; and less than 50, very unhealthy. ? ? ? ? ? ? Completely Somewhat true (5) true (4) Statement Members of the organization “live” by a shared vision and mission based on trust, respect, and collegiality. There is a clear and discernible level of trust between and among formal leadership and other members of the workplace. Communication at all levels of the organization is transparent, direct, and respectful. Employees are viewed as assets and valued partners within the organization. Individual and collective achievements are celebrated and publicized in an equitable manner. There is a high level of employee satisfaction, engagement, and morale. The organizational culture is assessed on an ongoing basis, and measures are taken to improve it based on results of that assessment. ? ? ? ? ? ? There is a comprehensive mentoring program for ? all employees. There is an emphasis on employee wellness and self-care. ? There are sufficient resources for professional growth ? and development. Employees are treated in a fair and respectful manner. ? The workload is reasonable, manageable, and fairly ? distributed. Members of the organization use effective conflict? resolution skills and address disagreements in a Members of the organization are actively engaged in shared governance, joint decision-making, and policy development, review, and revision. Teamwork and collaboration are promoted and evident. respectful and responsible manner. The organization encourages free expression of diverse and/or opposing ideas and perspectives. The organization provides competitive salaries, benefits, compensations, and other rewards. There are sufficient opportunities for promotion and career advancement. The organization attracts and retains the “best and the brightest.” The majority of employees would recommend the organization as a good or great place to work to their family and friends. © 2014 Cynthia M. Clark 20 American Nurse Today Volume 10, Number 11 ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Neutral (3) Somewhat untrue (2) Completely untrue (1) ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? son’s perspective. The clearer you are about your possible role in the situation, the better equipped you’ll be to act in a positive way. Rehearsing what you intend to say also can help. Preparing for the conversation Critical conversations can be stressful. While taking a direct approach to resolving a conflict usually is the best strategy, it takes fortitude, know-how—and practice, practice, practice. Prepare as much as possible. Before the meeting, make sure you’re adequately hydrated and perform deep-breathing exercises or yoga stretches. On the scene When the meeting starts, the two of you should set ground rules, such as: • speaking one at a time • using a calm, respectful tone • avoiding personal attacks • sticking to objective information. Each person should take turns describing his or her perspective in objective language, speaking directly and respectfully. Listen actively and show genuine interest in the other person. To listen actively, focus on his or her message instead of thinking about how you’ll respond. If you have difficulty listening and concentrating, silently repeat the other person’s words to yourself to help you stay focused. Stay centered, poised, and focused on patient safety. Avoid being defensive. You may not agree with the other person’s message, but seek to understand it. Don’t interrupt or act as though you can’t wait to respond so you can state your own position or impression. Be aware of your nonverbal messages. NURS 6053 Walden Mod 4 Wk7 Work Environment Assessment Template Discussion Maintain eye contact and an open posture. Avoid arm crossing, turning away, and eye rolling. The overall goal is to find an interest-based solution to the situation. The intention to seek common ground and pursue a promise is more likely to yield a win-win solution and ultimately improve your working relationship. Once you and the other person reach a resolution, make a plan for a follow-up meeting to evaluate your progress on efforts at resolving the issue. Framework for engaging in challenging conversations Cognitive rehearsal is an evidencebased framework you can use to address incivility during a challenging conversation. This three-step process includes: • didactic and interactive learning and instruction • rehearsing specific phrases to use during uncivil encounters • practice sessions to reinforce instruction and rehearsal. Using cognitive rehearsal can lead to improved communication, a more conflict-capable workforce, greater nurse satisfaction, and improved patient care. DESC model Various models can be used to structure a civility conversation. One of my favorites is the DESC model, which is part of TeamSTEPPS—an evidence-based teamwork system to improve communication and teamwork skills and, in turn, improve safety and quality care. Using the DESC model in conjunction with cognitive rehearsal is an effective way to address specific incivility incidents. (See DESC in action: Three scenarios.) Other acceptable models exist for teaching and learning effective communication skills and becoming conflict-capable. In each model, the required skills are learned, practiced, and reinforced until responses become second nature. Another key feature is to have the learner make it his or her own; although a script can be provided, it should be used only to guide development of the learner’s personal response. Nurturing a civil and collaborative culture Addressing uncivil behavior can be difficult, but staying silent can increase stress, impair your job performance and, ultimately, jeopardize patient care. Of course, it’s easier to be civil when we’re relaxed, well-nourished, well-hydrated, and not overworked. But over the course of a busy workday, stress can cause anyone to behave disrespectfully. When an uncivil encounter occurs, we may need to address it by having a critical conversation with the uncivil colleague. We need to be well-prepared for this conversation, speak with confidence, and use respectful expressions. In this way, we can end the silence that surrounds incivility. These encounters will be more effective when we’re well-equipped with such tools as the DESC model—and when we’ve practiced the required skills over and over until we’ve perfected them. Effective communication, conflict negotiation, and problem-solving are more important than ever. For the sake of patient safety, healthcare professionals need to focus on our higher purpose—providing safe, effective patient care— and communicate respectfully with each other. Differences in socialization and educational experiences, as well as a perceived power differential, can put physicians and nurses at odds with one another. When we nurture a culture of collaboration, we can synthesize the unique strengths that healthcare workers of all disciplines bring to the workplace. In this way, we can make the workplace ? a civil place. Cynthia M. Clark is a nurse consultant with ATI Nursing Education and professor emeritus at Boise State University in Boise, Idaho. Names in scenarios are fictitious. For a list of selected references, visit American November 2015 American Nurse Today 21 DESC in action: Three scenarios The DESC model for addressing incivility has four elements: D: Describe the specific situation. E: Express your concerns. S: State other alternatives. C: Consequences stated. I’d like to talk about alternatives because I’m unable to work an additional shift today.” Consequence: “Let’s work together to discuss alternatives for covering Nicole’s shift. It’s important for me to have a voice in decisions that affect me.” The scenarios below give examples of how to use the DESC model to address uncivil workplace encounters. For a staff nurse, addressing a manager can be daunting. To have a critical conversation with an uncivil superior in an effort to put an end to the problem, you need the courage to be assertive. Engaging in stress-reducing and self-care activities and practicing mindfulness can boost your courage so you’ll be prepared. Most of all, you need to practice and rehearse effective communication skills until you feel comfortable using them. A 2014 study by Laschinger et al. found a compelling relationship between meaningful leadership and nurse empowerment and their impact on creating civility and decreasing nurse burnout. This study underscores the need for leadership development to enable nurse managers to foster civil work environments. To create and sustain a healthy environment, all members of the organization need to receive intentional and ongoing education focused on raising awareness about incivility; its impact on individuals, teams, and organizations; and most important, its consequences on patient care and safety. Nurses Sandy and Claire At the beginning of her shift, Sandy receives a handoff report from Claire, who has just finished her shift. “Geez, Sandy, where have you been? You’re late as usual. I can’t wait to get out of here. See if you can manage to get this information straight for once. You should know Mary Smith by now. You took care of her yesterday. She was on 4S forever; now she’s our problem. You need to check her vital signs. I’ve been way too busy to do them. So, that’s it—I’m out of here. If I forgot something, it’s not my problem. 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