Kings College London Measurement & Evaluation for Healthcare Practice

Kings College London Measurement & Evaluation for Healthcare Practice Kings College London Measurement & Evaluation for Healthcare Practice all information are found in the atachments Assignment criteria and guideline Formative assessment Samle past paper ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS 2000 words assignkent mehp_formative_assessment_form_mehp_2020__1_.doc assignment_criteria_and_guidelines_2020.doc mehp_formative_assessment_form_mehp_2020.doc paper_1__1_.pdf 7KNIM700 Measurement and Evaluation for Healthcare Practice Formative Form A critical comparison of two research approaches, used to investigate a similar clinical topic. The purpose of this form is to help you get started on work for the assignment and give you the opportunity to receive some feedback. Complete the form and email back to your designated lecturer (their name can be found in the group lists (in the module documentation and assessment section of the e-learning site). The completed form should arrive before 24/11/20, otherwise, feedback will not be given. This is the mechanism for checking the suitability of papers; there is no need to ask someone to check the papers before completing the form, although you can attend the drop-in sessions if you want to. Please use your name as part of the filename so that the lecturer can distinguish between students. Guidance on selecting papers The papers you choose should be on the same clinical topic. One paper should report a quantitative study (e.g., trial, survey, observational study) and one should report a qualitative study (e.g., in-depth interview study, focus group study, ethnography). The intention is to inform your practice, so the paper may be a recent one, or a seminal but older paper. Optimally, please use recent, open access papers. It is useful to select papers from high ranking journals as these journals are likely to have well reported studies. For the purposes of this assignment, do not use a systematic review, meta-analysis, pilot study, audit, published trial protocol or a paper reporting a mixed-methods study. Write YOUR NAME here: Paper 1 1. Identify your chosen papers (You should NOT choose a systematic review, metaanalysis, pilot study, audit, protocol or mixed methods design) Write title here and add the doi link or url Paper 2 Write title here and add the doi link or url 2. What is the main research question? If this is not stated, can you work out how it might be worded? 2a. How does/do the research question(s) relate to the overall paradigm (e.g., quantitative, qualitative)? 3. What philosophical stance (e.g., positivist, interpretivist) was taken in the study? 3a. How is this evident in the paper? 4. What methodological features of the study suggest that it is quantitative or qualitative? Use the questions below to help you decide. What is the aim or purpose of the study? Specify the nature of the research question (e.g., cause and effect, exploring patient experiences). What is the research design? e.g., experimental, RCT, survey, grounded theory, ethnography, phenomenology Is the design stated in the paper? If it is not a specific design as noted above, how do the authors describe it? State whether this would be an appropriate design to answer the question noted above or meet the aim, if there is no question & why. Approaches to sampling (type of sample, size, process of sample recruitment) State whether the type and size of the sample chosen fits with either the qualitative or quantitative approach taken. How does the sample choice fit with the aim and purpose of the study? Can you identify any quality issues, or bias, in the sample recruitment processes used? What were the data collection methods? e.g. Questionnaire, interview, focus groups, observation, documentary analysis, collection of physical measurements Were they structured, unstructured, semistructured? State how the choice of data collection methods fit with the aim of the study and the approach taken. What sort of sample was it? (Random? convenience? Other?) What sort of sample was it? (Purposive? Maximum diversity sample? Other?) What type of data were collected? (numerical, descriptive) If they were numerical data, what level of data? What type of analysis was performed?Kings College London Measurement & Evaluation for Healthcare Practice (e.g. descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, thematic analysis) Explain whether the type of analysis was or was not appropriate for the level of the collected data? Did the analysis match the approach taken and the aim of the study? 5. Give a brief background to your chosen topic area This section will form the basis of your introduction. You might like to consider what you should explain here so that the reader can understand the rest of your assignment. For example, if your assignment is about post-natal depression, you might define what that is and how it is measured in this section. Assessment criteria For this module you are assessed by 2,000 word essay. Formative assessment Find two research papers with contrasting research designs from an area of clinical interest to use in the summative assessment. From each paper, extract the relevant details about study design and methods to complete the Formative form that can be found on the KEATS module site. This work should be completed and e-mailed to: [email protected] by: Monday, 24th November 2020. A lecturer will provide feedback on the form using track changes. DO NOT include this form in your summative assignment. Summative assessment A critical comparison of two research approaches used to investigate a similar clinical topic. Assignment guidelines Choose two research papers reporting studies that have used contrasting research designs from an area of clinical interest. One study should demonstrate a quantitative design and one should demonstrate a qualitative design. Introduction – Briefly introduce the clinical context or issue and the selected papers for comparison. A digital link (e.g. doi number or hyperlink) to each of the research papers used must be given here or in the reference list. Each paper should be referenced by the first author’s surname and date e.g. Smith’s (2015) paper, rather than as ‘Paper 1’ or ‘Paper A’. An abstract is not required. Main body — should include a critical comparison of the two studies in relation to: • Research question; design and underlying philosophy; hypothesis or aims explored And two of the following: • • • Approaches to sampling Data collection methods Analysis of data Demonstrate an understanding of the alignment between research question, design, methods used, data analysis or the process of the research in answering the question rather than the findings of the studies. A discussion on how the quality of the research can be assessed from the paradigm underpinning the methodology and a commentary on potential biases in the research process should be given throughout the work. Where appropriate, you are expected to be able to explain the use of statistical concepts that you have been taught on the module e.g. mean, mode, median, standard deviations, confidence intervals, p-values, Chi-square, Mann-Whitney, correlations etc., within the context of the study being discussed. Conclusion — Draw conclusions about the contribution of the research process and approach used to the enhancement of care rather than how specific findings can be used in practice. The assignment is DUE on Tuesday, 5th January 2021 by 11:59 AM. 7KNIM700 Measurement and Evaluation for Healthcare Practice Formative Form A critical comparison of two research approaches, used to investigate a similar clinical topic. The purpose of this form is to help you get started on work for the assignment and give you the opportunity to receive some feedback. Complete the form and email back to your designated lecturer (their name can be found in the group lists (in the module documentation and assessment section of the e-learning site). The completed form should arrive before 24/11/20, otherwise, feedback will not be given. This is the mechanism for checking the suitability of papers; there is no need to ask someone to check the papers before completing the form, although you can attend the drop-in sessions if you want to. Please use your name as part of the filename so that the lecturer can distinguish between students. Guidance on selecting papers The papers you choose should be on the same clinical topic. One paper should report a quantitative study (e.g., trial, survey, observational study) and one should report a qualitative study (e.g., in-depth interview study, focus group study, ethnography). The intention is to inform your practice, so the paper may be a recent one, or a seminal but older paper. Optimally, please use recent, open access papers. It is useful to select papers from high ranking journals as these journals are likely to have well reported studies. For the purposes of this assignment, do not use a systematic review, meta-analysis, pilot study, audit, published trial protocol or a paper reporting a mixed-methods study. Write YOUR NAME here: Paper 1 1. Identify your chosen papers (You should NOT choose a systematic review, metaanalysis, pilot study, audit, protocol or mixed methods design) Write title here and add the doi link or url Paper 2 Write title here and add the doi link or url 2.Kings College London Measurement & Evaluation for Healthcare Practice What is the main research question? If this is not stated, can you work out how it might be worded? 2a. How does/do the research question(s) relate to the overall paradigm (e.g., quantitative, qualitative)? 3. What philosophical stance (e.g., positivist, interpretivist) was taken in the study? 3a. How is this evident in the paper? 4. What methodological features of the study suggest that it is quantitative or qualitative? Use the questions below to help you decide. What is the aim or purpose of the study? Specify the nature of the research question (e.g., cause and effect, exploring patient experiences). What is the research design? e.g., experimental, RCT, survey, grounded theory, ethnography, phenomenology Is the design stated in the paper? If it is not a specific design as noted above, how do the authors describe it? State whether this would be an appropriate design to answer the question noted above or meet the aim, if there is no question & why. Approaches to sampling (type of sample, size, process of sample recruitment) State whether the type and size of the sample chosen fits with either the qualitative or quantitative approach taken. How does the sample choice fit with the aim and purpose of the study? Can you identify any quality issues, or bias, in the sample recruitment processes used? What were the data collection methods? e.g. Questionnaire, interview, focus groups, observation, documentary analysis, collection of physical measurements Were they structured, unstructured, semistructured? State how the choice of data collection methods fit with the aim of the study and the approach taken. What sort of sample was it? (Random? convenience? Other?) What sort of sample was it? (Purposive? Maximum diversity sample? Other?) What type of data were collected? (numerical, descriptive) If they were numerical data, what level of data? What type of analysis was performed? (e.g. descriptive statistics, inferential statistics, thematic analysis) Explain whether the type of analysis was or was not appropriate for the level of the collected data? Did the analysis match the approach taken and the aim of the study? 5. Give a brief background to your chosen topic area This section will form the basis of your introduction. You might like to consider what you should explain here so that the reader can understand the rest of your assignment. For example, if your assignment is about post-natal depression, you might define what that is and how it is measured in this section. bs_bs_banner Nursing and Health Sciences (2015), 17, 451–459 Research Article Nurse provision of healthy lifestyle advice to people who are overweight or obese Ashley Kable, PhD,1,3 Carole James, PhD,2,3,5 Suzanne Snodgrass, PhD,2,3,5 Ronald Plotnikoff, PhD,4,5 Maya Guest, PhD,2,3,5 Samantha Ashby, M. APP Sc,2,3 Christopher Oldmeadow, PhD3 and Clare Collins, PhD2,3,5 1 School of Nursing and Midwifery and 2School of Health Sciences and 3Faculty of Health and Medicine and 4Faculty of Education & Arts and 5Priority Research Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition, University of Newcastle, Callaghan, NSW, Australia Abstract A cross-sectional survey was conducted in a regional area in Australia to measure nurses’ perceptions, practices, and knowledge in regard to providing healthy lifestyle advice to people who are overweight or obese. Responses were compared between geographic regions. Participation was voluntary and anonymous. Of the 79 nurse participants, 68% considered that provision of healthy lifestyle advice was within their scope of practice. Only 28% reported frequently estimating body mass index in the practice setting. Nurses often recommended increasing activity levels (44%), but recommended reducing daily caloric intake less often (25%). Nurses’ knowledge about weight management was variable and the proportion of correct answers to knowledge items ranged from 33–99%.Kings College London Measurement & Evaluation for Healthcare Practice Nurses have many opportunities to deliver healthy lifestyle advice in a range of practice settings. The variation in practices and knowledge of nurses indicates a need for improved healthy lifestyle education for undergraduate and practicing nurses. Key words healthy lifestyle, knowledge, nurses, obesity, overweight, practices health education. INTRODUCTION The prevalence of overweight and obese individuals in Australia has increased substantially over the past decade (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2008). The 2011– 2012 National Health Survey found that the percentage of Australian adults classified as overweight or obese has risen from approximately 56.3% in 1995 to 63% in 2011–2012 (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2013). Obesity is one of the national health priorities in Australia (Australian Institute of Health and Welfare, 2013). Obesity increases the risk of developing lifestyle diseases (Preventative Health Taskforce, 2009), which, in turn, increases the demand on the public health system and on professionals providing weight loss interventions. The World Health Organization defines overweight as a body mass index (BMI) greater than or equal to 25, and obesity as a BMI greater than or equal to 30 (World Health Organization, 2014). Dietitians and general practitioners provide the majority of weight loss interventions; however other health professionals treat an increasing number of people who are overweight or obese (Ashby Correspondence address:Ashley Kable, School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Newcastle, University Drive, Callaghan, NSW 2308, Australia. Email: [email protected] Received 2 October 2014; revision received 29 January 2015; accepted 3 February 2015 © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. et al., 2012). Nurses may have many opportunities to provide basic healthy lifestyle advice as part of patient management, and may be more accessible because of close contact, commonly over a number of consecutive occasions, than other health professionals who require referrals or may be focused on more acute health problems. In addition, there are many more nurses than other health professionals, situated in a wide range of settings, and, consequently, potentially have the capacity to provide health promoting activities that will contribute to reduce the risk of becoming overweight or obese, and also weight related chronic diseases, such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease (Lazarou & Kouta, 2010). BACKGROUND AND LITERATURE REVIEW Previous research upon nurses’ perceptions, knowledge, and practices associated with the provision of healthy lifestyle advice is not widely reported. Some studies regarding weight management beliefs and practices of health professionals, other than dietitians, have been conducted, such as the Counterweight Programme – a program for improving the management of people who are overweight or obese in primary care in the United Kingdom (UK) (The Counterweight Project Team, 2004). Surveys of nurses have reported that they consider the provision of weight loss advice to people who are overweight or obese is an important component of their patient management (Miller et al., 2008; Jansink et al., doi: 10.1111/nhs.12214 452 2010; Blake et al., 2011; Martin et al., 2013; Aranda & McGreevy, 2014). However, nurses’ knowledge has been reported to be poor regarding nutrition (58%) and obesity (54%), based on a study of 506 nurses in Korea (Park et al., 2011). A study of 106 nurses in Israel yielded similar results, with 52% reported to have correct responses to a nutrition knowledge questionnaire (Boaz et al., 2013); and a study in Turkey where 302 nurses were reported to have a mean knowledge score of 49 (from 100 points) (Yalcin et al., 2013). Nurses’ lack of knowledge about nutrition, together with the belief that it is an important component of patient management, suggests that further research is needed to identify this evidence to practice gap. The UK study of general practitioners (n = 141) and practice nurses (n = 66) reported that 97% of nurses would discuss weight as an issue with patients who are obese, and BMI was recorded for 64% of patients (The Counterweight Project Team, 2004). In this study, few patients were referred to dietitians or obesity centres, but 20% received practice-based counselling. Kings College London Measurement & Evaluation for Healthcare Practice In Australia, a cross-sectional survey of 181 practice nurses (primary health care nurses who were members of the Australian Practice Nurse Association) reported that 89% perceived it was important to address diet during interactions with patients; however, 61% were unsure whether this resulted in improved compliance with nutritional recommendations, and 98% considered that further nutritional education would be beneficial for them (Martin et al., 2013). Another study in Australia was conducted in an acute regional hospital in Victoria; and 103 nurses answered a questionnaire with a resultant mean knowledge score of 60% (Schaller & James, 2005). In the Netherlands, a qualitative study was conducted in which 12 primary care nurses were interviewed regarding counselling patients with diabetes about diet, physical exercise, and smoking cessation (Jansink et al., 2010). These nurses reported that patient factors (such as limited knowledge and motivation), a lack of counselling skills, and insufficient time served as barriers to effective lifestyle counselling. Together, these findings indicate that nurses are receptive to providing weight management advice as part of their practice; however, most nurses have poor knowledge of nutrition management for obesity. Nevertheless, some of these nurse-led interventions for weight management have been successful, suggesting this is an area worthy of further investigation. In addition, nurses themselves have been reported to have a problem with being overweight and obese (Miller et al., 2008; Blake et al., 2011; Aranda & McGreevy, 2014) and this may have implications for their health promotion practices.A survey of student nurses (n = 325) (Blake et al., 2011) in the UK, reported that one third of participants were classified as overweight or obese, more than half did not meet public health recommendations for physical activity, and more than 75% had a poor diet, indicating that their knowledge of health promotion did not translate into their own lifestyles. A study of American registered nurses (n = 760) (Miller et al., 2008) reported that over 50% of participants were overweight or obese. Furthermore, only 26% used BMI to assess weight and obesity. Most participants in this study (93%) considered that intervention was required when a patient was diagnosed as overweight or obese; however, 76% did not © 2015 Wiley Publishing Asia Pty Ltd. A. Kable et al. pursue the topic with them. A qualitative study of registered nurses working to support patients who are overweight in primary health care settings found that overweight nurses may be empathetic, as well as simultaneously reinforcing anti-obesity messages (Aranda & McGreevy, 2014). This finding suggests that nurses who are overweight or obese … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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