In argumentation, criticism is __________.

Question

In argumentation, criticism is __________. (Points : 1)

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a negative thing that tears people down

an evaluation of elements outside of the argument

a way to make oneself look smarter than another

an evaluation of the strengths and weaknesses of the argument

 

Question 2.2. An argument is deductive __________. (Points : 1)

if it moves from the general to the particular

if it moves from the particular to the general

if it presents itself in relation to a hypothesis

if it presents itself as being valid

None of these

 

Question 3.3. The principle of charity in logic is __________. (Points : 1)

the idea that we should interpret the argument or objection in the strongest way possible

the idea that one should give to the poor

the idea that we only see the good in arguments that align with our beliefs

the idea that one should interpret the argument in line with the way the author would state it

 

Question 4.4. The objection in an argumentative essay __________. (Points : 1)

should be the simplest argument against your own position

should be presented in a weak manner in order to attack it easily

requires objectivity and should be strong

is the thing that you will refute in the support section of your paper

 

Question 5.5. A sound argument is __________. (Points : 1)

a valid argument in which it is impossible to have true premises and a false conclusion

a valid argument with true premises and a false conclusion

an argument in which it is possible to have true premises and a true conclusion

a valid argument with true premises

All of these

 

Question 6.6. Both times I went to the movies at Northpark Mall the people watching the movies were extremely disruptive. That movie theater is horrible. (Points : 1)

Hasty generalization

Fallacy of composition

Appeal to the majority

No fallacy

 

Question 7.7. “You are only opposed to welfare reform because you are rich.” (Points : 1)

Appeal to emotion

Ad hominem

Slippery Slope

Equivocation

No fallacy

 

Question 8.8. If you eat candy, all that candy then you will get sick. If you get sick, then you won’t be able to go to the dance. If you don’t go to the dance, you won’t be able to dance with Hilary. If you don’t get to dance with Hilary, then you will be miserable. So you shouldn’t eat it. What is the conclusion of this argument? (Points : 1)

Hilary hates candy.

You shouldn’t go to the dance.

You shouldn’t eat all that candy.

Misery is bad.

 

Question 9.9. An enthymeme is ____________. (Points : 1)

a valid argument with a false premise

an argument with an unstated premise or conclusion

a Venn diagram of an argument

an invalid propositional argument form

 

Question 10.10. When disagreeing with a premise, __________. (Points : 1)

one should point to the outcomes of the conclusion

one should have reasons in place that demonstrate the premise is not sufficiently likely to be true.

one should attack premises that are not important to the argument

one should point out the failings of its author

 

Question 11.11. A valid argument is __________. (Points : 1)

an argument in which it is impossible to have true premises and a false conclusion

an argument with true premises and a false conclusion

an argument in which it is possible to have true premises and a true conclusion

an argument that necessarily has true premises and a true conclusion

All of these

 

Question 12.12. No physical object can travel faster than light. An electron is a physical object. So, an electron cannot travel faster than light. (Points : 1)

Deductive

Inductive

Neither

 

Question 13.13. Charles is hard to work with, since he always interrupts others. Therefore, I do not want to work with Charles in the development committee. (Points : 1)

Deductive

Inductive

Neither

 

Question 14.14. Arguments __________. (Points : 1)

always have the same level of complexity

are always expressed in standard form

can include complicated chains of inference that build on themselves

have to be valid in order to be convincing

Question 15.15. Which type of inductive argument is the following?

 

All crows observed so far have been black, so all crows are black. (Points : 1)

Statistical syllogism

Inductive generalization

Appeal to authority

Inference to the best explanation

 

Question 16.16. An argument is invalid if and only if _____________. (Points : 1)

Its reasoning is strong and its premises are true.

It is possible for all of its premises to be true and the conclusion false.

It is fallacious.

It has a false premise.

 

Question 17.17. A premise can __________. (Points : 1)

act as a subthesis in an essay

never support a conclusion

fail to be supported

act as a subthesis in an essay and never support a conclusion

act as a subthesis in an essay and fail to be supported

Question 18.18. Which type of inductive argument is the following?

 

He is late; there must have been traffic. (Points : 1)

Statistical syllogism

Inductive generalization

Appeal to authority

Inference to the best explanation

 

Question 19.19. “If I drive drunk I’ll crash. I crashed, so I must be drunk.” (Points : 1)

Non sequitur

Ad hominem

Post hoc

Affirming the consequent

No fallacy

Question 20.20. Sloan: “Dude you play way too many videogames.”

 

John: “Whatever bro! When Eternal Death Slayer III came out you were waiting in line outside the store for four hours to be the first to get it. (Points : 1)

Ad hominem

Appeal to fear

False dilemma

False cause

No fallacy

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