Description of the CareersCybersecurity specialists are professionals tasked with overseeing everyday operations in the technological sector to ensure the optimal technical and data systems’ optimal function. Their duties include detecting and preventing any security risks that may emerge during operations and avert any other possible susceptibilities threatening the system (. The professional undertakes investigative research and test the available technological appliances to decipher any potential threats and mitigate them. They also monitor day-to-day operations to resolve security and data-related issues and install necessary security measures and protocols (Cybersecurity Career Paths and Progression, 2019). The professionals may also coach staff members on security measures and investigate ways of eradicating the risks with which technological systems grapple.Individuals interested in the career have to successfully go through a degree program in computer science or a similar educational path. (Cybersecurity Career Paths and Progression, 2019). They should also have advanced IT skills and apply critical thinking skills while carrying out their tasks. The professionals’ average salary is between $60,000 and $110 000, depending on their level of experience and positions in organizations. The average wages for cybersecurity specialists also differ in different states. In Maryland, the professional’s net pay is $102, 000 while in Virginia, itis$99,000.https://niccs.cisa.gov/sites/default/files/documents/pdf/cybersecurity. On the other hand, those in Washington D. C receive a higher income of up to $108,500.A pharmacist is a medical professional tasked with preparing prescribed medicines and disseminating useful information about using them correctly. They identify any errors in the prescribed medications, such as wrong dosages or incompatibilities, and make the necessary corrections (Reed et al., 2019). Also, they perform the tasks required in preparing medications, including compounding the needed ingredients, packing them appropriately, and ensuring they are fully labeled for easy use. The necessary qualifications for an individual to become a pharmacist include acquiring a degree program in the course and receiving accreditation from the presiding board, ACPE. The average salary of a pharmacist varies from one state to another. In Washington, it is over $127,000. On the other hand, in Virginia, professionals are paid up to $115,000 (Reed et al., 2019). Those in Maryland are also well paid, with the medical experts’ average net pay quoted to be at least 121,000.Emerging Technologies Used to Improve Production or Workflow in the IndustriesThe emerging technologies that can help in enhancing workflow in information technology include the use of automation. Automation refers to technological designs that enable work processes such as collecting and distributing data to be carried out automatically using sophisticated devices and computing programs doi.org/10.2308/jeta-52653. The system can be applied in different sectors, including management of sales and organizational supply chain. It increases the speed and efficiency with which tasks are carried out in the workplace. Subsequently, the cloud is another crucial IT tool that can be used in organizations to improve workflow. It alludes to the encapsulation of the internet into the workplace to enable an easy flow of communication. It facilitates a seamless flow of information between different stakeholders, including the vendors, management, and employees (Xu et al., 2018). Therefore, the tool is critical in increasing workflow in various departments like supply chain and human resources.The emerging technologies that aid pharmacists in performing their tasks include pharmacist management systems that assist in compiling factual data about patients and controlling the department’s inventories (Baines et al., 2018). They also use electronic prescription services to release two automated systems to dispense medications to patients quickly and accurately effectively. Further, they utilize telecare to follow up on patient progress and reminding clients about refilling medications.Ethical Issues in the IndustriesThe ethical issues that are commonly experienced in information technology include the infiltration of personal privacy. While utilizing technological tools, it is possible to access and compromise individuals’ confidential content (Huda, 2019). Subsequently, another critical ethical issue that affects the industry is the violation of copyrights. Copyright alludes to the exclusive right to something. Individuals’ can illegally access and incorporate such programs or software, leading to legal ramifications. Further, engagement in cybercrimes is another significant ethical issue in the industry (Huda, 2019). People may use the platform to create fake identities and use them to engage in illegalities or hack other individuals’ systems leading to data comprise and loss.