Discussion: Use of Electronic Health Record and Sepsis to Improve Health Outcomes

Discussion: Use of Electronic Health Record and Sepsis to Improve Health Outcomes ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Discussion: Use of Electronic Health Record and Sepsis to Improve Health Outcomes New technology—and the application of existing technology—only appears in healthcare settings after careful and significant research. The stakes are high, and new clinical systems need to offer evidence of positive impact on outcomes or efficiencies. Discussion: Use of Electronic Health Record and Sepsis to Improve Health Outcomes Nurse informaticists and healthcare leaders formulate clinical system strategies. As these strategies are often based on technology trends, informaticists and others have then benefited from consulting existing research to inform their thinking. In this Assignment, you will review existing research focused on the application of clinical systems. After reviewing, you will summarize your findings. To Prepare: Review the Resources and reflect on the impact of clinical systems on outcomes and efficiencies within the context of nursing practice and healthcare delivery. Conduct a search for recent (within the last 5 years) research focused on the application of clinical systems. The research should provide evidence to support the use of one type of clinical system to improve outcomes and/or efficiencies, such as “the use of personal health records or portals to support patients newly diagnosed with diabetes.” Identify and select 5 peer-reviewed articles from your research. The Assignment: (4-5 pages) In a 4- to 5-page paper, synthesize the peer-reviewed research you reviewed. Be sure to address the following: Identify the 5 peer-reviewed articles you reviewed, citing each in APA format. Summarize each study, explaining the improvement to outcomes, efficiencies, and lessons learned from the application of the clinical system each peer-reviewed article described. Be specific and provide examples. SOURCES ATTACHED AND BELOW, I ALSO POSTED AN EXAMPLE OF THIS ASSIGNMENT. https://www.healthit.gov/faq/what-electronic-health-record-ehr source_1.pdf source_2..pdf source_3..pdf source_4..pdf source_5..pdf example.docx The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies Chinenye Ugwuanyi Walden University 10/20/19 The Use of Clinical Systems to Improve Outcomes and Efficiencies Background Information ?With the increasing shift to value-based care, health systems and hospitals have been tasked with the responsibility of enhancing the quality of care, the efficiency with which it is offered, ensuring accountability and equally finding ways of lowering costs. Though it is a difficult task, it is a good place to start, as it integrates new forms of technology into the care process while similarly making use of the existing resources. Besides, it is imperative for the coordination of the care process to be enhanced among the caregivers, with the treatments being offered and within the settings within which safe care is provided. ?One of the ways through which the coordination of care can be enhanced is by increasing the degree of connectivity between the existing clinical systems. Besides, real-time communication requires reliable integration of the systems; thereby making sure that caregivers receive the right information at the right time. As such it is imperative for hospitals to turn their attention to technologies that play a vital role in the enhancement of the delivery of care, while at the same time bringing about operational efficiencies (HealthIT.gov). This approach is important given that it shall provide a platform for more secure, integrated and consistent workflows while at the same time reducing inefficiencies that come with the reduction of medical mistakes. Discussion: Use of Electronic Health Record and Sepsis to Improve Health Outcomes ?Since the publishing of the Institute of Medicine’s (IOM) report; there has been acceleration in the adoption of health information technology within the healthcare sector contends (Rao-Gupta et al., 2018). The integration of HIT within the healthcare sector is important majorly because it positively impacts patient safety outcomes. The authors define patient safety as a branch of healthcare that is tasked with the responsibility of averting negative outcomes that may arise while discharging care. The Health IT website defines HIT systems as technologies that provide support to the decision-making process within the healthcare sector (HealthIT.gov). One of the ways through which they enhance the safety of patients is that they reduce human errors, enhance clinical outcomes, and facilitate the coordination of care while at the same time enhancing various practice efficiencies given that stakeholders can often track data over time. ?The major reason why clinical information systems are developed according to Mastrian (2017) is to enhance the quality and efficiency with which care is offered. Their use is of further significance given that a number of patients are increasingly getting dependent on the rightful use of the various forms of healthcare systems. Some of the systems that (Mastrian, 2017) lists to be playing a critical role in the enhancement of patient safety include Computerized Provider Order Entry Systems (CPOE) Clinical Decision Support Systems (CDSSs) and Electronic Medical Record Adoption Model (EMRAM). The systems further work towards the improvement of patient safety given that they have to meet the standards that have been set by the meaningful use legislation(HIMSS, 2018). That often provides government subsidies whenever efficient IT systems are employed to solve healthcare-related problems, thereby enhancing the degree of care. ?The world has been transformed radically by digital innovation. According to Skiba (2017), information technologies play a vital role in the delivery of care and come in handy in addressing the various health challenges that have been identified by physicians and other caregivers. This is further defined by (Dykes et al, 2017) who submit that electronic health records are systems that contain various forms of health data such as their medical history, the medicines that have been administered to them, radiology reports, laboratory results, and lab notes. ?To determine the impact of EHRs on the quality of healthcare, Rao-Gupta et al. (2018) systematically reviewed data and studies that had been carried out on the topic. They reaffirmed that the use of EHR can significantly enhance the adherence to health guidelines; thereby reducing any errors that may arise within the healthcare process. Similarly, the integration of the systems in the healthcare process significantly reduces the costs of healthcare given that the errors that would be generating the costs will be limited (Skiba, 2017). The fact that patients are always unharmed is equally another reason through which the quality of care is accomplished. ?Daly (2019) begins by pointing out that the number of preventable deaths that have arisen due to medical errors hasbeen on the rise in recent past. She further refers to the IOM report titled “To Err is Human: Building a Safer Health System” arguing that it has been critical in the enhancement of patient safety. The author further acknowledges that the safety and the quality of care across the United States have been slightly mediocre in the recent past compared to other industrialized nations in terms of outcomes equity and efficiency. Daly (2019) submits therefore that the adoption of HIT is integral in ensuring that the desired changes are registered in healthcare. HIT systems are further important given that they help in the reduction of cost. One of the factors that have strongly pushed healthcare entities towards the adoption of the HIT systems is the HITECH Act that was signed into law by President Obama in 2009. It has positively impacted the safety of patients in several ways one of them being the adoption of systems that store patient-related data and make it possible for caregivers to share them with one another. Discussion: Use of Electronic Health Record and Sepsis to Improve Health Outcomes ?Dykes et al. (2017) attest to the fact that the HITECH Act has enhanced the quality of care that older people are routinely subjected to particularly within the ICU. The authors refer to the fact that older individuals are predisposed to a set of conditions such as falls and pressure ulcers. By availing their health records, caregivers are expected to clearly figure out some of the illnesses that the older individuals are exposed to. Consequently, they are expected to initiate measures aimed at preventing any complications that can arise due to the illnesses. Conclusion ?Across the healthcare sector, one of the ways through which success is evaluated is through patient outcomes. The measuring of patient outcomes, however, results in the generation of large data sets that should be stored, shared among caregivers and used over the course of delivering care. Besides, it should be noted that a number of processes are often employed in improving the operations of healthcare entities. These include scheduling protocols, clinical procedures, and staffing choices. It is important for caregivers to, therefore,adhere to the policies that have been set by their organizations. This approach reduces the errors they commit while similarly enhancing the degree of care offered to the patients. Discussion: Use of Electronic Health Record and Sepsis to Improve Health Outcomes References Daly, P. (2015). Clinical nurses lead the charge with EHR. Nursing , 45 (10), 25-26. doi: ?10.1097/01.nurse.0000471426.47075.d2 Dykes, P. C., Rozenblum, R., Dalal, A., Massaro, A., Chang, F., Clements, M., Collins, S. …Bates, D. W. (2017). Prospective evaluation of a multifaceted intervention to improve outcomes in intensive care: The Promoting Respect and Ongoing Safety Through Patient Engagement Communication and Technology Study. Critical Care Medicine , 45(8), e806–e813. doi:10.1097/CCM.0000000000002449 HealthIT.gov. (2018c). What is an electronic health record (EHR) ? Retrieved from https://www.healthit.gov/faq/what-electronic-health-record-ehr [healthit.gov] Healthcare Information Management and Systems Society. (2018). Electronic health records . Retrieved from https://www.himss.org/library/ehr/ [himss.org] Mastrian, K. G. (2017). Nursing informatics and the foundation of knowledge (4th ed.) . Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning. Rao-Gupta, S., Kruger, D. Leak, L. D., Tieman, L. A., & Manworren, R. C. B. (2018). Leveraging interactive patient care technology to Improve pain management engagement. Pain Management Nursing, 19(3), 212–221. doi:10.1016/j.pmn.2017.11.002 Skiba, D. (2017). Evaluation tools to appraise social media and mobile applications. Informatics , 4(3), 32–40. doi:10.3390/informatics4030032 Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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