Discussion: Differences Between Native & Non Native English Speakers in America

Discussion: Differences Between Native & Non Native English Speakers in America ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Discussion: Differences Between Native & Non Native English Speakers in America The title is the research on writing difference between native speaker and non-native speaker (or international students, especially Chinese students, and local students). Discussion: Differences Between Native & Non Native English Speakers in America APA style, at least 5 pages (double spaced and not including the cover or reference page). I have attached the 4 previous parts of this assignment. They are quite short, just a page or two, but you need to read them to make sure the report continues based on the previous part. You will need to make some statistics up (you don’t need real data, it can be fake :D), just make sure it is logical. lit_review.docx collection.docx data_analysis.docx pariticipants_secti Yaxin Liu Dr. Mariano 1533941 [email protected] The Literature Review Most Chinese students in ESL carry their L1 habit into target language—English, in the respects of four skills, listening and speaking, reading and writing. Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis holds that different languages divide nature and determined categories in different ways, that is, the structure of a language will affect their thinking mode (Perlovsky, 2011). Human know the world through language, meanwhile the understanding of the objective world is also affected by language, which sometimes presents the essential features of language (Vivanco, 2018). Indeed, language can affect thinking, but can absolutely not decide the world view. Due to the fact that the differences among languages are limited, we can tell that the cross-language understanding is achievable. Undoubtedly, language is the carrier of cultural symbols. When students from different cultural backgrounds acquire a second language, we should face up to cultural differences and formulate different teaching modes according to different characteristics. Some researchers focus their study on Chinese ESL students at the intermediate and advanced level. According to I-Ru Su& Yi-Chun Chou (2016), “Learners’ laguagae system is interconnected instead of independent.” In another research, researchers examined how Chinese ESL learners read. They found that Chinese learners always have difficulty with English vocabulary due to the difference between two cultural backgrounds. (Hongli Li & Hoi K. Suen, 2015) The essential difference between man and animal is that man can use language. The relationship between language and culture, race and thought have long time puzzled philosophers, psychologists, anthropologists and linguists. After the death of Sapir and Whorf, a number of linguists came up with the “Sapir-Whorf hypothesis” to summarize their theory in 1950s (Koerner, 2002). Discussion: Differences Between Native & Non Native English Speakers in America Its core content is “human language affects their perception of reality” (Paul & Willett, 1984). Each language has its own unique world view. People who speak different languages actually live in different worlds (Paul & Willett, 1984). In fact, language restricts our thinking about various of social problems and changes. I still need connect theory to the content and focus on how the hypothesis works in my whole research. Yaxin Liu Dr. Mariano 1533941 [email protected] Data Collection It will take a class period to collect the data. Before the research begins, the director has agreed the activity to gather information for the study. Participants are the students of ESL in level 6. They have known how to compose a logical paper. All the class was informed to write a draft with what they have learned. And the topic was posted in last class. In case they cannot finish in a class period, they have written the outline in advance. To receive objective data, participants will be told that this draft will be a normal homework as what they did before, so that they are not allowed to refuse. Names are not necessary, while students will be asked to provide their nationalities which are supposed to be an essential part in this research. Of course, they will not be traced with this information. If some examples need be quoted in research paper, researcher will ask participants for permission. As the control group, the same process will be done in a local high school, but participants will not be asked to provide their nationalities. All the results can be only observed by teacher and researcher. Due to the fact that this may be an extra draft in their semester, researcher needs to discuss with teacher whether to include it in the final grade. And participants will know the result. Data Analysis Words frequency statistics software may be used to analyze the data. As Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis researches, researchers focus on the text. So, after comparing the difference of writing habits between native speakers and non-native speakers, the research will give some practical opinions on second language writing. How long it will take to analyze depends on the amount of the collections. Researchers need to read those writings for many times to contrast. Discussion: Differences Between Native & Non Native English Speakers in America And the software is more like a kind of assistance. Only when researcher is familiar with all the data, can he tell the research is done. The way to analyze is simple, which is just to read and analyze the discourse. And the items which is analyzed include article structure, theme choosing, writing style, and rhetorical device. Procedures Researchers gave participants a prompt with the teacher’s help. The theme was to write a memorable experience in their whole life. It was taken one class period. Before this class, they had been given enough time to prepare the frame. Besides, all the ESL students were allowed to use dictionary during the composition. On the other hand, the EFL students were asked to write the same theme as the control group. Data collection Names are not necessary, while students will be asked to provide their nationalities which are supposed to be an essential part in this research. Of course, they will not be traced with this information. If some examples need be quoted in research paper, researcher will ask participants for permission. As the control group, the same process will be done in a local high school, but participants will not be asked to provide their nationalities. All the results can be only observed by teacher and researcher. Due to the fact that this may be an extra draft in their semester, researcher needs to discuss with teacher whether to include it in the final grade. And participants will know the result. Data analysis Words frequency statistics software may be used to analyze the data. As Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis researches, researchers focus on the text. So, after comparing the difference of writing habits between native speakers and non-native speakers, the research will give some practical opinions on second language writing. How long it will take to analyze depends on the amount of the collections. Discussion: Differences Between Native & Non Native English Speakers in America Researchers need to read those writings for many times to contrast. And the software is more like a kind of assistance. Only when researcher is familiar with all the data, can he tell the research is done. The way to analyze is simple, which is just to read and analyze the discourse. And the items which is analyzed include article structure, theme choosing, writing style, and rhetorical device. To establish a structure, all the data will be divided into surface structure, between structure and deep structure. The analysis of the participants’ compositions depends on how and how often they use the structural components and notional words. Yaxin Liu Dr. Mariano 1533941 [email protected] Participants Section In my research paper, I will focus on the international ESL students at level 5or 6. There are about 20 students in a class. So, my study will contain all of them. I will collect their homework, especially the writing homework, as the basic sample. Also, I will collect some local students’ homework as the control group. They are undergraduate students from Troy University. After comparing samples, I can analyze the difference between local students and international students in language using. … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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