Smoking in college campuses

The discussions include an ethical dilemma form each chapter. Use the steps on page 16 to analyze each dilemma. Make your responses detailed and thoughtful. I encourage you to type it in a word processing program to check for grammar and spelling. However, do not attach a word document to the discussion. You are also required to react to or comment on at least two other students’ responses to the question or topic. In this way, we can get a true discussion going about the topic. Make your comments to other students’ substantive. The instructor will assess each student’s participation for each discussion topic by assigning a score from 0 to 10 according to the criteria below: A Discussion (9-10 points): Distinguished/Outstanding Students earning an “A” for discussion activities have participated 3 or more times during the week and have posted outstanding information. “A” discussion postings • are made in time for others to read and respond • deliver information that is full of thought, insight, and analysis • make connections to previous or current content or to real-life situations • contain rich and fully developed new ideas, connections, or applications You are a rookie police officer who responds to a call for officer assistance. Arriving at the scene, you see a ring of officers surrounding a suspect who is down on his knees. You don’t know what happened before you arrived, but you see a sergeant use a Taser on the suspect, and you see two or three officers step in and take turns hitting the suspect with their nightsticks about the head and shoulders. This goes on for several minutes as you stand in the back of the circle. No one says anything that would indicate that this is not appropriate behavior. What would you do? What would you do later when asked to testify that you observed the suspect make “threatening” gestures to the officers involved?

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Moral Duty

This last discussion board is due by Wednesday, 11:59pm. In 2019, Police Officer Amber Guyger was convicted of the murder of Botham Jean in a 2017 case in which she entered his apartment and shot him thinking he was an intruder in her own nearby apartment, according to her testimony.  Guyger was convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison.  The younger brother of Botham spoke in court after the conviction was read stating that he forgave Guyger and requested that he be allowed to hug her, which he did.  Here is a video news report on it: LINK (Links to an external site.). Here is a video of Tervor Noah’s comment and views on the case: LINK (Links to an external site.). [1] What is your response to what Brandt Jean, brother of the murdered Botham Jean, did in court?  Do you believe forgiving someone who has deeply wronged us is a moral duty or is the act of forgiving something extra that goes above and beyond what is one’s duty?  Explain your answer. [2] What is your response to the analysis and commentary of Trevor Noah on the Guyger case?  Based on what Trevor says and based on the NPR Podcast interview with Jemar Tisby, what do you think about the question of “whether the public expects black victims to provide forgiveness to white perpetrators” (NPR Podcast 2019, link (Links to an external site.))? [3] Please share any of your final thoughts on this course for this semester and what you would say is the most important thing you learned. For more information on Moral Duty read this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Duty

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Cultures and Customs

This week you will prepare for your ethical and cultural inquiry. Consider how culture can impact healthcare decisions and outcomes. Read the following article from the Western Journal of Medicine, Galanti G. A. (2000). An introduction to cultural differences. The Western journal of medicine, 172(5), 335–336. doi:10.1136/ewjm.172.5.335.Discuss the following:1. Do you agree with the writer’s premise that treating patients with respect is not enough, but that it is necessary to learn about the specific customs of other cultures in order to provide quality health care? Explain your reasoning and provide examples.2. Do you think there is a danger in stereotyping when discussing cultural norms? Explain and provide examples.3. Which cultures and customs are you most familiar with?4. Does culture play a significant role in the healthcare issue that you are researching? Explain. For more information read this: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Culture#:~:text=When%20used%20as%20a%20count,of%20knowledge%20acquired%20over%20time.

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Stepping Forward in Stakeholder Satisfaction

 Read the “Zappos: Stepping Forward in Stakeholder Satisfaction” case, located on page 475 of the textbook. Write a four to six (4-6) page paper in which you: Analyze the manner in which Zappos’ leadership has fostered a culture of ethicalness in the company. Suggest two (2) actions that other companies can take in order to mimic this culture. Determine the major impacts that Zappos’ leadership and ethical practices philosophy have had on its stakeholders. Examine three (3) of the ethical challenges that Zappos faces. Recommend three (3) actions that Zappos’ leadership should take in order to address these ethical challenges. Evaluate the effectiveness of the core values in relation to developing a culture of ethicalness.  Determine the manner in which the core values support the stakeholder’s perspective. Analyze the major ethical challenges that Zappos has faced. Determine whether or not you would have resolved these challenges differently than Zappos’ management. Provide a rationale for your response.Go to https://research.strayer.edu to locate at least three (3) quality academic resources in this assignment. Note: Wikipedia and other similar Websites do not qualify as academic resources. Your assignment must follow these formatting requirements: Be typed, double-spaced, using Times New Roman font (size 12), with one-inch margins on all sides; citations and references must follow APA or school-specific format. Check with your professor for any additional instructions. Include a cover page containing the title of the assignment, the student’s name, the professor’s name, the course title, and the date. The cover page and the reference page are not included in the required assignment page length. The specific course learning outcomes associated with this assignment are: Examine ethical issues and dilemmas in business. Analyze scenarios to determine the ethical character of decisions made and the related impact on the organization. Examine the significant issues of ethical controversy in business to moral philosophy and values. Write clearly and concisely about issues in ethics and advocacy for HR professionals using correct grammar and mechanics. Use technology and information resources to research issues in business ethics and advocacy for HR professionals.

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Minimally Competent

1.  Review Chapter 1 in the course textbook – according to Cooper (2012), is it clear what considerations or actions should occur when personal ethics conflict with organizational ethics? If so, what are these considerations or actions? 2. Your own past experiences, what do you communicate to your immediate supervisor, and when/if to jump the chain of command – and under what circumstances? How does this topic fit into public ethics? 3. Is it ethical to fire a “minimally competent” employee before their probationary period ends simply because they are only “minimally competent?” What ethical theory can be used to justify such a decision? 350 words these are only discussion boards please keep it a number.

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Journaling Activities

This project requires reflection on the journalling activities that you completed throughout the course. The following questions relate to the course goals and learning outcomes for each module. They will guide your reflection. If you were attentive to the module activities, this project will be less time consuming than it will be if you weren’t. It requires reflection and commentary on key learning objectives as they relate to the activities. Instructions Read all of the following nine questions in Parts A, B, and C before beginning this project. Use the questions to reflect on the activities you completed in Modules 1 to 4. Write a paper addressing the following questions and reflections. The paper should be no more than 20 pages double-spaced (approximately 5,000 words) and should include examples from your journaling activities. Part A: Stakeholders and Interrelationships Describe how the activities influenced your awareness and understanding of the interrelationship between business and society. Use examples from your activities in each of the modules to support this answer. (10 marks) Using examples from your activities, describe the challenges of dealing with the conflicts and/or confluence of stakeholder needs, wants, expectations, and perspectives. Identify whose perspective you are representing in each of your examples. List examples of some of the ramifications of ignoring or improperly addressing stakeholder interests. (10 marks) Comment on how the use of “circles of reflection” can affect your perspective of an issue or situation. Cite examples from your activities to demonstrate how the use of the circles of reflection affected your analysis. (5 marks) Part B: Forces and Influences Comment on how ethics and social responsibility relate to some of the internal and external forces in business and society that we discussed in this course. Review activities in Modules 3 and 4, as well as Module 2, for examples. (10 marks) Describe how the readings and journaling activities influenced your views on workplace ethics and corporate social responsibility. Did you have a shift in your perspective? Do you consider ethics and/or corporate social responsibility to be important to business and society today? Explain your answer, and use examples from the activities. (10 marks) Comment on the interrelationship between external forces such as globalization, economics, technology, and the environment, and internal influences on business and society including governance and corporate citizenship (CSR), consumer protection, employee rights and responsibilities, and workplace diversity. Remember to support your argument with multiple examples such as sample journal entries, and readings. (20 marks) Is the government an external force, an internal force, a stakeholder, or all of the above? Using examples from your activities, comment on the government’s role in business and society. (5 marks) Part C: Final Reflection Comment on how journalling activities helped you recognize the real or potential impact of stakeholder biases as well as your own biases. How do biases or differing perspectives influence the media, public opinion, and decision-making in business and society? Use examples from your activities to support your commentary. (15 marks) Describe what was the most significant learning for you in this course and explain why. (15 marks).

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Ethical Action

Tell me about an event or action that someone you personally know engaged in or did that you thought was ethical and then tell me why it was ethical.  Examples drawn from your own experience in business are preferred (but not necessary if you cannot think of one from that arena of life). To complete the assignment, you must address two parts: Describe what happened? Include enough information to describe the action so that it and its context are understandable to the reader (one-half of one single-spaced page should suffice for this part, though it can be longer if necessary). Explain why you think the event or action was ethical? For this step, you must address three things: What is your definition of “good”? (Do not simply assume that everyone agrees with your idea of what good means. Feel free to draw upon your own personal experiences, upbringing, religious beliefs, community standards, studies, observations, etc.) What is a strong objection to your vision of the good? (Why would someone reject your theory?  Really think of a strong objection to your idea of the good (think of a way you yourself might disagree with your own notion of good, and explain how). Be careful to analyze the good you are defending and not the goodness of the particular action.  They are different things.) Why is your theory still compelling? (why is your idea of good better than the objection(s) you address.

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Relativism and Absolutism

Thread: After studying the Reading & Study materials, compose a 500-600 word argument that is objective, carefully-constructed, and free of emotion (and hence it should not contain any exclamation points) in support of your opinion about ethical relativism and Christian ethics. Formulate your argument by answering the following questions: Is Christian ethics relativistic or absolutist? Explain your answer. What, if any, are the differences between ethical relativism and the subjective aspects of Christian ethics? For question 1, answer whether Christian ethics is relativistic or absolutist. First, you should define relativism and absolutism. Don’t simply re-state the reading, but provide an explanation of relativism and absolutism using your own words but also showing that you did the reading and understand the issues. Present the strengths and weaknesses of relativism and how these compare to absolutism. Here you should bring into play the arguments that are discussed in the assigned reading in chapter two of our textbook, Moral Reasoning. You should also incorporate the introduction from our Biblical Ethics textbook. You must read these chapters carefully. Some of the arguments for relativism presented in Moral Reasoning are eventually rejected as fallacious. The more cogent arguments are not presented until the second half of the chapter, where the author sides with the overwhelming majority of ethicists in concluding that ethical relativism is false. You may also read ahead to chapters 8 and 9 in Moral Reasoning, where the author presents a Christian ethic, and you may also consult outside sources. Whichever side you take on the issue, please treat both sides with respect. For question 2, explain the differences between ethical relativism and the subjective elements in Christian ethics. In addition to the textbooks and academic sources, you are encouraged to incorporate important biblical passages such as Romans 14-15.

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Anti-Black Prejudices

Ethnic Notions (Marlon Riggs 1987) 1. What stereotypes and characters based upon and/ or imposed upon African Americans appear in the film? 2. What anti-black prejudices/ beliefs resulted from the cultivation of the stereotypes discussed? 3. What impact has the stereotypes in the film had on African Americans? 4. How do these anti-black prejudices show up in American society and the psyches of people in America? Link to the Documentary: https://digitalassets.lib.berkeley.edu/mrc/ucb/video/ethnicnotions.mp4

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Theory of Justice

Choose ONE of the following to answer on this Discussion Board: A: To what extent do you feel the purpose of punishment is to (a) protect society, (b) punish criminals, or (c) rehabilitate criminals? Explain your position using ethical theory and/or reasoning. Or B: Provide an example of one occupation or profession that you feel is underpaid in our society and one that you feel is overpaid. Explain your reasons for selecting your examples by applying ethical theory and/or reasoning. How could this injustice be corrected?

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