Critical Thinking

[SOLVED] Anarchy State and Utopia

In his 1974 book, Anarchy, State and Utopia, Robert Nozick raises the following thought experiment:”Suppose there were an experience machine that would give you any experience you desired.  Superduper neuropsychologists could stimulate your brain so that you would think and feel you were writing a great novel, or making a friend, or reading an interesting book.  All the time you would be floating in a tank, with electrodes attached to your brain.  Should you plug into this machine for life, preprogramming your life’s experiences?  If you are worried about missing out on desirable experiences, we can suppose that business enterprises have researched thoroughly the lives of many others.  You can pick and choose from their large library or smorgasbord of such experiences, selecting your life’s experiences for, say, the next two years.  After two years have passed, you will have ten minutes or ten hours out of the tank, to select the experiences for your next two years.  Of course, while in the tank you won’t know that you’re there; you’ll think it’s all actually happening.  Others can also plug in to have the experiences they want, so there’s no need to stay unplugged to serve them.  (Ignore problems such as who will service the machines if everyone plugs in.)  Would you plug in?  What else can matter to us, other than how our lives feel from the inside?” Philosopher Shelly Kagan does a nice job of discussing the thought experiment in the following video  (The thought experiment discussion begins about 1 minute in.):https://youtu.be/OqIgQC0Gx4YCompose an essay of no more than 1500 words on ONE of the following topics:(Option A) Consider Robert Nozick’s thought experiment of the experience machine. Compose an essay in which you address the question of whether it matters that you spend your entire life in the machine. To answer this question, consider a life that you consider worth living. Does it matter whether things actually happen? Or is it sufficient to merely have the experience. Be sure to focus your essay around the reasons you give in favor of your position (your thesis can even be a blend of yes and no, if you like). State whether your argument is inductive or deductive, and say why. Finally, consider at least one objection to your view, and respond to it. (NB1: You may wish to discuss the conditions under which you would use the machine, and use the appropriate argument forms, if necessary.)  (NB2: Importantly, this is NOT an essay about Hedonism.  The issue here is not whether Hedonism is true or false, or what scholars think about this thought experiment.  The central issue of the assignment is: WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT IT?  WHAT REASONS WOULD YOU GIVE FOR OR AGAINST A LIFE IN THE MACHINE?)(Option B) Robert Nozick argues that he would not sign up to use an experience machine for life.  While this possibility is remote for us, it could be argued that we have many technologies which function as local experience machines.  Compose an essay or dialogue (approximately 1500 words) in which you address the following issue:Consider a type of technology that you currently use, and address to what extent this technology is analogous to the experience machine in Robert Nozick’s essay.  Be sure to focus on features that are similar as well as different.  Next, address whether you agree with Nozick’s position by considering whether his argument provides reasons why you yourself might wish to limit the amount of time you spend using your chosen technology.  (For example, if you agree with Nozick, does this mean that you should give up your Netflix account?)  Be sure to clearly state your own reasons.  Finally, consider an objection that someone might raise against your viewpoint, and respond to the objection.Important points to keep in mind:I recommend you begin as soon as possible, and work in short bursts every day. (For example, work in 5-20 minute blocks, and aim for 200 words per day.If you wish, you may compose your essay in the form of a letter, dialogue, or narrative form.  (If you choose this option, please discuss your essay with me as you develop it.  Dialogues can sometimes be challenging to construct.  Remember: your narrative is a vehicle for your argument.)Late assignments will be penalized one letter grade for every day they are late, unless arrangements are made with me in advance.Essays are to be typed, using standard fonts and margins (e.g. 12 point font, 1 inch margins) Remember: concision is a virtue!The citation format is your choice.  Just keep it consistent.It is fine if you discuss this essay with others.  However, all work should be a product of your own effort.  Academic Dishonesty will be penalized with a grade of 0 (worse than an F) on this assignment, and a report will be sent to Student Affairs explaining the circumstances of the dishonesty. Your essays will be graded according to the rubric below.  You are also welcome to send me a draft of your essay.Finally, if anyone is willing to be really brave, I can put together a feedback video using your draft.  E-mail me if you would like to volunteer.

Nov 23rd, 2021

Critical Thinking

[SOLUTION] Anarchy State and Utopia

In his 1974 book, Anarchy, State and Utopia, Robert Nozick raises the following thought experiment:”Suppose there were an experience machine that would give you any experience you desired.  Superduper neuropsychologists could stimulate your brain so that you would think and feel you were writing a great novel, or making a friend, or reading an interesting book.  All the time you would be floating in a tank, with electrodes attached to your brain.  Should you plug into this machine for life, preprogramming your life’s experiences?  If you are worried about missing out on desirable experiences, we can suppose that business enterprises have researched thoroughly the lives of many others.  You can pick and choose from their large library or smorgasbord of such experiences, selecting your life’s experiences for, say, the next two years.  After two years have passed, you will have ten minutes or ten hours out of the tank, to select the experiences for your next two years.  Of course, while in the tank you won’t know that you’re there; you’ll think it’s all actually happening.  Others can also plug in to have the experiences they want, so there’s no need to stay unplugged to serve them.  (Ignore problems such as who will service the machines if everyone plugs in.)  Would you plug in?  What else can matter to us, other than how our lives feel from the inside?” Philosopher Shelly Kagan does a nice job of discussing the thought experiment in the following video  (The thought experiment discussion begins about 1 minute in.):https://youtu.be/OqIgQC0Gx4YCompose an essay of no more than 1500 words on ONE of the following topics:(Option A) Consider Robert Nozick’s thought experiment of the experience machine. Compose an essay in which you address the question of whether it matters that you spend your entire life in the machine. To answer this question, consider a life that you consider worth living. Does it matter whether things actually happen? Or is it sufficient to merely have the experience. Be sure to focus your essay around the reasons you give in favor of your position (your thesis can even be a blend of yes and no, if you like). State whether your argument is inductive or deductive, and say why. Finally, consider at least one objection to your view, and respond to it. (NB1: You may wish to discuss the conditions under which you would use the machine, and use the appropriate argument forms, if necessary.)  (NB2: Importantly, this is NOT an essay about Hedonism.  The issue here is not whether Hedonism is true or false, or what scholars think about this thought experiment.  The central issue of the assignment is: WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT IT?  WHAT REASONS WOULD YOU GIVE FOR OR AGAINST A LIFE IN THE MACHINE?)(Option B) Robert Nozick argues that he would not sign up to use an experience machine for life.  While this possibility is remote for us, it could be argued that we have many technologies which function as local experience machines.  Compose an essay or dialogue (approximately 1500 words) in which you address the following issue:Consider a type of technology that you currently use, and address to what extent this technology is analogous to the experience machine in Robert Nozick’s essay.  Be sure to focus on features that are similar as well as different.  Next, address whether you agree with Nozick’s position by considering whether his argument provides reasons why you yourself might wish to limit the amount of time you spend using your chosen technology.  (For example, if you agree with Nozick, does this mean that you should give up your Netflix account?)  Be sure to clearly state your own reasons.  Finally, consider an objection that someone might raise against your viewpoint, and respond to the objection.Important points to keep in mind:I recommend you begin as soon as possible, and work in short bursts every day. (For example, work in 5-20 minute blocks, and aim for 200 words per day.If you wish, you may compose your essay in the form of a letter, dialogue, or narrative form.  (If you choose this option, please discuss your essay with me as you develop it.  Dialogues can sometimes be challenging to construct.  Remember: your narrative is a vehicle for your argument.)Late assignments will be penalized one letter grade for every day they are late, unless arrangements are made with me in advance.Essays are to be typed, using standard fonts and margins (e.g. 12 point font, 1 inch margins) Remember: concision is a virtue!The citation format is your choice.  Just keep it consistent.It is fine if you discuss this essay with others.  However, all work should be a product of your own effort.  Academic Dishonesty will be penalized with a grade of 0 (worse than an F) on this assignment, and a report will be sent to Student Affairs explaining the circumstances of the dishonesty. Your essays will be graded according to the rubric below.  You are also welcome to send me a draft of your essay.Finally, if anyone is willing to be really brave, I can put together a feedback video using your draft.  E-mail me if you would like to volunteer.

Oct 21st, 2021

Critical Thinking

[ORDER SOLUTION] Confirmation Bias in Critical Thinking

What are some ways that you may stay insulated in perspectives that are similar to your own? How might you benefit from hearing counter-arguments or different points of view? If someone does disagree, how can you conquer confirmation bias or cognitive dissonance in the middle of a discussion, so that you can have a constructive conversation?

Aug 22nd, 2021

Critical Thinking

[Get Solution] Understand the Elements of an Argument

As a critical thinker, it is important to understand the elements of an argument and how certain types of statements can affect the validity of an argument. As you learned in the readings this week, arguments are used to convince us of an outcome. You read about how to identify an issue, the role that issues play in arguments, how to differentiate between an argument and rhetoric, and the different types of arguments you may encounter. In this assignment, you will evaluate arguments for and against the use of facial recognition technology and then respond to questions about the issue.

Jul 23rd, 2021

Critical Thinking

Critical Thinking Journal Article | Get Solution Now

Read the following peer-reviewed journal article and provide a 500-word essay about critical thinking, what it means to you, what the article taught you and if you agree or disagree with the results of the critical thinking study.  Upload the 500 word essay to Canvas.  Any format is acceptable in Microsoft Word and cite the article at the end of the essay. This is a graded assignment. Be sure your name is typed on the first line of the essay and that your name appears in the file name. On Page 124, specifically address what these statements mean to you: Effects on employability Following this line of reasoning it is not surprising that some companies also considered the effect of poor CT ability on graduate employability: “If you don’t have the critical thinking part, at least the basics of it introduced at university, you might be at the risk of not getting a job. Maybe then I don’t select them if they don’t have a particularly strong critical thinking/problem-solving approach.”

Jun 27th, 2021

Critical Thinking

Reliable Sources | Get Solution Now

We will practice finding a reliable source using the Library database.

Jun 26th, 2021

Critical Thinking

Failure of Economic Systems | Get Solution Now

Please use the article attached to use in essay about how the economic system has failed https://nymag.com/intelligencer/2019/10/these-3-policy-failures-are-killing-the-american-dream.html

Jun 25th, 2021

Critical Thinking

Social Work Writing | Get Solution Now

You are an adoption social worker with the Department of Children Youth and Family. You are assigned to help finalize an adoption and ask to utilize your critical thinking skills to achieve the competency listed below.   C. 2.    Implement at least one research-informed intervention with a group.  I will choose and research an intervention that my AFI approves and implement it with a group. I will take into consideration the clients and the setting to modify the intervention approach as appropriate. I will review the results with my AFI.

May 22nd, 2021

Critical Thinking

Informal Logic Fallacies | Get Solution Now

Present three distinct informal logical fallacies (Red Herring; False Cause; Shifting The Burden of Proof) discovered in these types of sources or in your life. Make sure to identify the specific fallacy committed by each example. Explain how the fallacies were used and the context in which they occurred. Finally, explain how the person should have presented the argument in order to avoid committing this logical error.

May 18th, 2021

Critical Thinking

Confirmation Bias in Critical Thinking | Get Solution Now

What are some ways that you may stay insulated in perspectives that are similar to your own? How might you benefit from hearing counter-arguments or different points of view? If someone does disagree, how can you conquer confirmation bias or cognitive dissonance in the middle of a discussion, so that you can have a constructive conversation?

May 11th, 2021

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