Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader

Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader This week’s focus is the nurse leader’s role in this and similar projects. Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader Consider and discuss the nurse. Leader’s role at each stage of your project. Determine actions the nurse leader . needs to take to ensure project success. Discuss the leader’s actions for all of the following: Communication Training Budget Change management Authority Format your assignment as one of the following: 875 to 1000 -word paper in APA format (title and reference page not included in word count) nsg498_wk3_research_and_evidence.docx nsg498_wk4_project_translation_and_planning.docx grading_rubric_wk_5.docx Running head: SUMMARIES 1 Research and Evidence: Article Summaries Richard Davis NRG / 498 12/13/2019 SUMMARIES 2 Research and Evidence: Article Summaries Patient-centered care is a clinical concept that requires full engagement of the patient during care delivery by the health professional. The clinical concept entails involving patients in the entire care delivery providing all the needed information to enhance the ability to make informed decisions. The process also includes respect for patient rights, needs as well as preferences aimed at increasing the quality of care delivery. The paper provides summaries from different articles related to informed care delivery to patients essential in increasing knowledge in the areas and the concept of patient-centered care delivery. Article Summaries The article, “Patient involvement in healthcare professional practice–a question about knowledge by Aagaard (2017), investigates patient engagement in healthcare professional practice. The author indicates that the past four decades have marked a significant change in treatment patterns. The need to engage patients in their treatment plans emanates from different sources, such as ethical demands human rights, patients’ legal rights, and enhancement of professional practice. Hence, the author draws the findings from studying the everyday life of ill patients and their views on Greenland’s healthcare practice. After conducting a coupleinterviews, focus groups, and participant observations, the resulted indicated that patients managed their daily lives with ailments with the help of HCPs. The research showed that care plans and interventions were narrowly associated with physical condition treatment (Aagaard, 2017). The interviewees revealed that professional procedures aimed at clinical observations and laboratory tests, thereby limiting HCPs and patient conversation about the illness. Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader Arguably, findings indicated that there were limited psychosocial interventions, such as understanding patient concerns about the implications of treatment and their daily lives. Aagaard (2017) SUMMARIES 3 informs that when a patient’s experience of care and how patients handled their conditions are investigated, concealed issues and possibilities in revealing patients care. Aagaard (2017) purported that the choice of the treatment plan as repercussions for patients’ daily lives. Besides, focusing on one side of treatment once, a person is admitted, and lack of HCPs insights about the treatment plans has implications. According to Aagaard (2017), informing patients about the ailment and its progress assists patients in taking measures and planning their lives. The aspect of patients’ knowledge and professional insights is significant in heightening patient care (Aagaard, 2017). The two complement one another as it helps in improving patients’ lives and enabling them to cope with their conditions daily. HCPs can also get inspiration for enhancement by exploring the patient’s behavior of daily living while at the hospital. Because of this, the author notes that the patient’s views are a contribution to HCPs’ insights. Besides, learning about patients’ life expectations and conditions assists HCPs in taking action in helping patients cope with their illnesses. Thus, the author concludes by indicating that two hinderances for engaging patients in their treatment plans and care as active decision-makers include illness-oriented structures of the healthcare practice. The second barrier emanates from the apprehension of professional insights as more valuable and authoritative compared to that of relatives and patients. The article Patient-centered care and professional nursing practices by Araki (2019) aims at offering in-depth clarity about patient-centered care as well as its advantaged in association to both healthcare facilities and patients. Araki (2019) asserts that patient-centered care (PCC) is a crucial determinant of effective and quality care. PCC aims at the attention of a patient’s choices, needs, beliefs, and preferences as compared to physician-centered care. Notably, PCC has resulted in improved health outcomes, enhanced patient satisfaction, and SUMMARIES 4 better survival and wellbeing. However, despite the increasing recognition of PCC and its proficiency, research indicates that patients report numerous issues.Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader Such issues include acquiring access to information, comprehending treatment plans, and getting explanations concerning medication (Araki, 2019). Araki (2019) states that PCC takes place when all processes and actions are focused on alleviating and eliminating patients’ susceptibilities. Therefore, during their stay in hospitals. Patients are susceptible not only due to compromised physiologic conditions but also due to personal identity threats like inability to make individual decisions. Thus, Araki (2019) indicates that PCC has various benefits like enhancing patient’s respect for their preferences, values, and expressed wants. PCC aims at keeping patients informed and knowledgeable about their conditions and involving them in the decision-making process. Secondly, PCC promotes the integration and coordination of patients’ care, thereby alleviating fear, anxiety, and vulnerability. Offering complete and comprehensive information to patients concerning their health, progress, treatment plan, and prognosis ascertains autonomy and patients’ capacity to make a personal decision regarding their health (Araki, 2019). Notably, involving patients in healthcare and decision making helps in alleviating anxiety, fear, and providing emotional support. The author also notes that PCC eliminates patients’ stress concerning their capacity to self-manage medication after discharge. According to Araki (2019), sharing information about medicine helps patients to self-manage their medication, including abiding by the set requirements like nutrition and physical restrictions. Importantly, PCC aims at informing patients about access to specialists, ambulatory care, and transport availability. Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader The author concludes by indicating that PCC describes patients as active participators that require active involvement in making care SUMMARIES 5 decisions. Shifting to PCC promotes concordance HCPs and patients’ adherence to medication and treatment place, hence elevating patients’ satisfaction. The article Patient preferences for participation in patient care and safety activities in hospitals by Ringdal, Chaboyer, Ulin, Bucknall, and Oxelmark (2017) aims at exploring the choices of hospitalized patients on their participation in safety activities and care in Sweden. Ringdal et al. (2017) noted that active patient participation in their healthcare is vital. Notably, increasing focus on patient safety and care is a risk management approach aimed at elevating transparency and accountability in healthcare decision-making. Thus, leaders have called for patient participation in care intending to increase patient care and their safety. Ringdal et al. (2017) further note that enhancing patient participation entails developing an association between patients and nurses and alleviating nurse control. Besides, patient involvement also includes actively involving patients in physical and intellectual activities and sharing knowledge and information between patients and nurses. In their research, Ringdal et al. (2017) indicated that patients gave a very low rate in obtainability, patient involvement, and sharing of information. Importantly, a significant focus on patient’s participation in safety activities like handwashing and medication administration occurred in different wards. Swedish patients did not also believe that healthcare providers shared all knowledge and information with them. Hence, Ringdal et al. (2017) assert that patient involvement enhances various aspects ranging from patient confidence in clinicians, patient satisfaction, and medication adherence to patient outcomes. Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader To obtain results, Ringdal et al. (2017) conducted an exploratory study using semistructured interviews with patients. The data collected over four months period focused on five themes revolving around patient involvement. The results indicated that patients desired their SUMMARIES 6 participation in personal care as it offered them a chance to voice their needs and feelings about healthcare professionals (HCPs). Besides, most patients wanted to engage in decision making about treatments, care, and therapies. Arguably, patients indicated discontent in a passive role and wanted an opportunity where they had the freedom to accept or reject planned therapies and treatments (Ringdal et al., 2017). Besides, patients stated that they wished to comprehend the implications of their conditions. Thus, they indicated that having insights about their ailment made it easier to discuss the circumstances. They advocated for the sharing of information as it elevated the power balance between patients and HCPs. Ringdal et al. (2017) concluded that patients wanted active involvement in their patient safety and care. However, significant barriers like lack of acuity, power imbalances, and uncertainty hampered their engagement. Thus, Ringdal et al. (2017) suggest that developing cordial association between HCPs and patients is the first step towards enhancing patient care and safety. As a result, it will aid in promoting active involvement in their care. Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader Patient-centered Care Guideline Involving patients in care delivery in recent days has become one of the clinical objectives aimed at delivering high-quality care. Patient-centered care entails the aspect of involving patients and close family members in their care. The delivery of care, in this case, includes enhanced listening, informing, and care that respects, respond to patient care needs, preferences, and values. Based on the article by Smith and Topham (2016), involving patients in delivering care encompasses some best practices that include patient advocacy and patient and family-centered care. The guideline requires that health professionals uphold patient advocacy by showing a high level of respect for patient decisions. Secondly, the professional should support and acknowledge the rights and preferences of the patients while maintaining clear SUMMARIES 7 communication with a capacity to enable patients to make informed decisions. The third policy provided in the patient-centered care delivery guideline is that the physician and clinical personnel objectively deal with the patients and keep attention to possible risks. Moreover, health professionals in patient-centered care should enhance awareness of legal, ethical, and other related issues aimed at improving patient advocacy. According to Smith and Topham (2016), the policies, practice, and guideline that govern patient advocacy that health professional requires following in delivering care services to sick persons. The best practice requires that health professionals should respect patient values, their expressed needs, and the choices the patient makes among the available alternatives. Besides, clinical personnel should put their focus and attention on the patient during each visit. Moreover, in enhancing patient-centered care health professional requires asking patients about their concerns in a bid to increase patient awareness that the professional interest is the patient priority.Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader The guideline also suggests that the clinical personnel should respect the patient’s presence by avoiding social talks that fail to involve the patients. Health professionals should take available opportunities to identify and discuss the apprehensions of the patient as well as that of the family. The opportunity enhances the ability to alleviate anxiety and fear, strengthening the provision of information, and answering questions. The other vital aspect of the guideline is that the health professional should respect the rights and confidentiality of the sick person. Lastly, clinicians should make the necessary adjustments to provide a more comfortable patient experience. SUMMARIES 8 Reference List Aagaard, T. (2017). Patient involvement in healthcare professional practice–a question about knowledge. International journal of circumpolar health, 76(1), 1403258. Araki, M. (2019). Patient-centered care and professional nursing practices-Review. Journal of Biomedical Research and Clinical Investigation Ringdal, M., Chaboyer, W., Ulin, K., Bucknall, T., & Oxelmark, L. (2017). Patient preferences for participation in patient care and safety activities in hospitals. BMC Nursing, (1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12912-017-0266-7 Smith, K., & Topham, C. (2016). Patient-centered care. Journal of medical imaging and radiation sciences, 47(4), 373-375. Running head: PROJECT TRANSLATION AND PLANNING Project Translation and Planning Richard Davis NSG / 498 12/20/2019 1 PROJECT TRANSLATION AND PLANNING 2 Project Translation and Planning Program translation entails a project that deals with activities that involve translations. The project involves the identification of requirements, arranging the program plan, securing and administering resources to ensure the successful completion and delivery of a project. Project translation also involves managers refining a project’s requirement to heighten the accuracy of an implemented project. Ideally, project translation increases the ability to map a project, including how the execution of a project. Project planning, on the other hand, entails every process that includes setting up the project for the attainment of the program’s success (Meredith, Mantel Jr, & Shafer, 2017). Planning involves the establishment of different steps that one would take to define project objectives, clarify project scope, needs as well as developing a list of tasks that a project would consist of ensuring the attainment of the project goals and objectives. Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader Project Description The project aims at enhancing the utilization of patient-centered care among nurses. Patient-centered care is one of the recently adopted concepts in medicare, which suggests that health professionals should engage and incorporate the patient’s needs and preferences in the process of making care-related decisions. Aagaard (2017) noted that patient-centered care entails patient rights, preferences, and needs that focus on the attainment of quality care. Thus, patientcentered care involves the provision of respectful, responsiveness, patient preference, value, and needs as well as ensuring that the patient values provide a guide to clinical decisions. Project Goals The goal of the project is to enhance the adoption and integration of patient-centered care focused on enhancing the quality of nursing care in the health institution within six months after the project initiation and improve patient satisfaction and quality of care by 80%. PROJECT TRANSLATION AND PLANNING 3 Resources Notably, project resources include capital, people, materials, and other necessary items aimed at enhancing the successful execution of the project. In this case, the project will involve different resources such as i. Supplies ii. People( nurse managers, nurses, among other health professionals) iii. Capital Change management The project involves changing the current patient care services rendered by the hospital into delivering patient-centered care. As a result, the process would involve implementing changes to enhance the ability to align the company with a new set of guidelines that will affect patient-centered care. According to Hayes (2018), change administration involves a collective approach that involves the preparation, support individuals, teams, and enterprises incorporated in the process of making an institutional change. Project Timeframe Kerzner (2017) noted that the project time frame entails a project schedule, which provides an overview of the duration each task in a program would take to complete. Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader The timeframe includes the list of the project activities and the intended start and finish date for each task. In this case, the project translation process will take six months to complete during which various tasks will take place, including developing the patient-centered care guideline for nurses. Besides, other tasks that will take place during the period will include aligning and ensuring that the project adheres with the set standards and regulations, such as information sharing. The process also includes extent and conditions in which nurses and other health professionals should PROJECT TRANSLATION AND PLANNING implicitly engage the patient-centered care in the process of accomplishing the objectives to deliver quality care. Data Collection In undertaking the project translation involving the adoption of patient-centered care among nurses and other health professionals, requires a significant amount of information to foster making sound decisions that would enhance the attainment of the project goals. In this case, the project will collect information using the survey as well as conducting a meta-analysis of previous literature to enhance the ability to comprehend and embrace effective patientcentered care delivery in hospitals. Change and Leadership Theories The integrated change and leadership theory in the process of undertaking the project translation process of Lewin’s change administration theory (Mindtools, n.d). Lewin’s change theory comprises of three primary stages essential in enhancing the success of the change project, in this case, incorporating patient-centered care in the health institutions. The stages involved based on Lewin’s model include Unfreeze It is the first stage in the change management that involves the process of preparing an institution on the necessity to execute and adopted a selected change. The phase includes the determination for the need to adopt a proposed change necessary to comprehend why an institution should effect change. The stage also involves a leader/manager garnering support from the relevant personnel, including the shareholders of an enterprise, in this case, the health institutions. Assignment: The Role of the Nurse Leader Another attribute necessary in this phase entails the creation of the need for implementing change, such as creating a compelling message on how the change should occur. 4 PROJECT TRANSLATION AND PLANNING 5 Besides, the process includes the communication of the overall vision in alignment with the adopted changes. Change The stage involves people resolving their uncertainty while looking for a new approach to do things, where people commence to consider and perform in a way that supports the taken direction. The phase comprises of often communication throughout the planning and execution process, describing the related benefits as well as preparing the involved parties how the adopted changes would affect their position and execution of their roles and responsibilities. Besides, the management and the project leader takes the opportunity to dispel any arising rumors by answering the arising questions honestly and on time. Refreeze In Lewin’s model, refreeze is the last stage that involves the company management refreezing the change after the change taking place and people embracing the new ways of doing things. The process involves developing a guideline and ensuring maximum support by the management and necessary stakeholders. Besides, the employee in an institution adopts to the created changes while everyone remains supported and informed. Overall, the stage involves the celebration for the success process; in this case, the adoption of patient-centered care in hospitals. PROJECT TRANSLATION AND PLANNING Reference List Aagaard, T. (2017). Patient involvement in healthcare professional practice–a question about knowledge. International journal of circumpolar health, 76(1), 1403258. Hayes, J. (2018). The theory and pr … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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