Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature

Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS ON Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature I don’t know how to handle this Business question and need guidance. Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature i have a topic submission page and an annotated bibliography to assist with the paper ab__use.pdf topic__1__use.pdf how_to__lit_review.pdf Running head: LACK OF DIVERSITY 1 LACK OF DIVERSITY !2 Annotated Bibliography: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Aberg, J. A., Blankson, J., Marrazzo, J., & Adimora, A. A. (2017). Diversity in the US infectious diseases workforce: challenges for women and underrepresented minorities. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 216(suppl_5), S606-S610. The article examines the challenges that women and minority groups face in the US workforce of infectious diseases. The four authors who undertook this research are accomplished experts in the field of healthcare, particularly specializing in infectious diseases; Dr. Judith A. Aberg is a professor of clinical medicine, Joel N. Blankson a medical professor at the Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Jeanne Marrazzo an MD in Birmingham, and Adaora Adimora an MD at UNC School of Medicine. Their level of qualification in the field of infectious diseases is, therefore, unquestionable. The paper determined that there is bias in the recruitment and promotion of physicians from minority groups in the specialty of infectious diseases. It fits within the current research since it will pave the way for better understanding of the issues that trigger this underrepresentation, as well as shed light on the actions that can be taken to bring about equal representation and balance. The source is highly helpful, especially considering its narrow approach by focusing on the context of infectious diseases. The findings will be important in shaping the literature review for the ongoing research, and any gaps identified here will greatly determine the studies to be conducted so that a better understanding of the topic can be achieved. There is no doubt that this source is indispensable in this study. LACK OF DIVERSITY !3 Baptiste, M. (2015). Workplace discrimination: An additional stressor for internationally educated nurses. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 20(3), 8. Baptiste Maria M is a professor of nursing at Newark. Her article explores issues of discrimination that internationally educated nurses (IEN) face in the United States. Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature Many IENs have reported being discriminated against in the American healthcare settings, and this jeopardizes their career progression and professional development. Considering that the current topic focuses on lack of diversity in the staffing of US hospitals, this discrimination is potentially one of the main factors that could be leading to the underrepresentation of some of the minority groups. The source is very helpful in the current study since it helps lay the foundation of the differentials that exist in the staffing of US hospitals. Moreover, it is befitting for this exploration since it narrowly focuses on the issue of discrimination of IENs. In the literature review, it will be necessary to understand the other issues that could trigger a lack of diversity in US hospital staffing, and this article presents one of the potential factors. Germack, H. D., McHugh, M. D., Sloane, D. M., & Aiken, L. H. (2017). US hospital employment of foreign-educated nurses and patient experience: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 8(3), 26-35. This article is closely related to the article by Baptiste discussed above, as it also focuses on foreign-educated nurses. All four authors are PhDs specializing in different areas of nursing. They are highly credible in matters of nursing. Their paper focuses on the implications of foreign-educated nurses on patient outcomes in the US. Interestingly, they LACK OF DIVERSITY !4 found that hospitals that employ a high percentage of foreign-educated nurses are highly likely to witness negative patience experiences than those that have low foreign-educated nurses’ employment rates. This unique perspective is important in dissecting the current topic to understand whether these negative patient experiences could be jeopardizing the possibility of a diverse workforce in US hospitals. The source is helpful, but its focus is broad since it does not define the specific factors that could be held liable for the negative patient experiences. Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature It will be used to examine the underlying problems with diversity, especially when it comes to foreign-educated nurses. Comparisons will be made between hospitals with foreign-educated nurses and those considered to have considerable diversity to see where the gaps are. Oh, S. S., Galanter, J., Thakur, N., Pino-Yanes, M., Barcelo, N. E., White, M. J., … & Borrell, L. N. (2015). Diversity in clinical and biomedical research: a promise yet to be fulfilled. PLoS medicine, 12(12), e1001918. The authors of this article are medical professionals affiliated to the University of California. The focus of the work is to examine the state of diversity in research, particularly clinical and biomedical research. The authors determined that minority groups are underrepresented in most of the research events. One of the possible reasons is the corresponding underrepresentation of minorities in the teams conducting the research. This is an interesting area because it is in line with the current topic that explores the lack of diversity staffing in US hospitals. Undoubtedly, the paper is useful in the current study since it has a unique focus on the lack of diversity in research studies, which could be founded on the lack of diversity in LACK OF DIVERSITY !5 the teams conducting the research. It is, therefore, going to help the current study to understand the possible reasons for the gaps. The article is narrow enough to allow a more focused literature review. Richman, E. E., Ku, B. S., & Cole, A. G. (2019). Advocating for Underrepresented Applicants to Psychiatry: Perspectives on Recruitment. American Journal of Psychiatry Residents’ Journal, 14(2), 2-4. Conducted by three doctors of medicine, this study examines the issue of underrepresentation of some groups in psychiatry departments in the United States. The paper embraces a multifaceted approach by first examining the need for diversity, barriers, and recommendations on the way forward. It is relevant in the context of the current topic since it paves the way for a better understanding of the factors increasing the lack of diversity in this field. Richman, Ku, & Cole’s article is indispensable in the current research. This is because it explores an important facet of the US healthcare landscape, and also narrows its scope to the specialty area of psychiatry. The findings of their research will be examined and discussed in the current study’s literature review since they fit perfectly into the debate. Spetz, J. (2016). The nursing profession, diversity, and wages. Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature Health Services Research, 51(2), 505. Spetz is a Ph.D. at the University of California. The article argues that despite registered nurses forming the largest group of healthcare professionals in the US, the profession has one of the lowest levels of diversity. Spetz also examines the existing wage gaps in this LACK OF DIVERSITY !6 professional and finds worrying differentials. The source fits into the topic well as it will provide useful insights into the reasons why diversity has been difficult to attain in the domain of US healthcare. The source supports current research in far-reaching ways as several deductions can be made from its findings. The only weakness of the article is that it is quite broad, meaning that it will not provide insights into any specific area of the nursing profession. However, this will not stop it from being resourceful when it comes to the literature review. Valentine, P., Wynn, J., & McLean, D. (2016). Improving diversity in the health professions. North Carolina Medical Journal, 77(2), 137-140. The authors are professors of health sciences in various institutions. Their study focuses on the strategies that can be used to improve diversity in various professions in the domain of healthcare, particularly in the state of North Carolina. This is one of the most relevant sources for the current topic because the recommendations provided will form the crust of our study. The source is helpful because it seeks to provide solutions to the issues. Furthermore, its narrow focus on North Carolina means that the study was conducted with a considerable level of specificity, and therefore the results are highly reliable. Most of the findings provided here will be discussed in the literature review. Wheeler, D. S., Dewan, M., Maxwell, A., Riley, C. L., & Stalets, E. L. (2018). Staffing and workforce issues in the pediatric intensive care unit. Translational Pediatrics, 7(4), 275. LACK OF DIVERSITY !7 The authors of this article are pediatrics specialists based in the Department of Pediatrics, University of Cincinnati College of Medicine. Their paper focuses on the lack of diversity in pediatric critical care workforce and the kind of challenges that this brings about. They argue that diversity can significantly improve the quality of care and patience experiences. It is a highly relevant article for the topic since it focuses on diversity in one of the critical care areas in healthcare, the ICU. Without a doubt, the article is useful for current research. It has narrowed its scope to pediatric critical care, and this is important for the current study’s literature review because it gives specific findings that can be compared to those collected from other fields of healthcare for patterns and trends to be established. LACK OF DIVERSITY !8 References Aberg, J. A., Blankson, J., Marrazzo, J., & Adimora, A. A. (2017). Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature Diversity in the US infectious diseases workforce: challenges for women and underrepresented minorities. The Journal of Infectious Diseases, 216(suppl_5), S606-S610. Baptiste, M. (2015). Workplace discrimination: An additional stressor for internationally educated nurses. OJIN: The Online Journal of Issues in Nursing, 20(3), 8. Germack, H. D., McHugh, M. D., Sloane, D. M., & Aiken, L. H. (2017). US hospital employment of foreign-educated nurses and patient experience: a cross-sectional study. Journal of Nursing Regulation, 8(3), 26-35. Oh, S. S., Galanter, J., Thakur, N., Pino-Yanes, M., Barcelo, N. E., White, M. J., … & Borrell, L. N. (2015). Diversity in clinical and biomedical research: a promise yet to be fulfilled. PLoS medicine, 12(12), e1001918. Richman, E. E., Ku, B. S., & Cole, A. G. (2019). Advocating for Underrepresented Applicants to Psychiatry: Perspectives on Recruitment. American Journal of Psychiatry Residents’ Journal, 14(2), 2-4. Spetz, J. (2016). The nursing profession, diversity, and wages. Health Services Research, 51(2), 505. Valentine, P., Wynn, J., & McLean, D. (2016). Improving diversity in the health professions. North Carolina Medical Journal, 77(2), 137-140. Wheeler, D. S., Dewan, M., Maxwell, A., Riley, C. L., & Stalets, E. L. (2018). Staffing and workforce issues in the pediatric intensive care unit. Translational Pediatrics, 7(4), 275. Running Head: THE LACK OF DIVERSITY IN STAFFING IN MAJOR HOSPITALS IN US 1 All students are strongly encouraged to read the Professor’s Improvement Suggestions document for recommendations on how to do their best on this project, especially the sections marked “Annotated Bibliography” and “Literature Review.” For the upcoming Week 3 assignment, you must go to the online Liberty University library database to locate and review eight articles from peer-reviewed journals (published within the past five years) that directly relate your approved topic to staffing. Current peer-reviewed journal articles only: no books, textbooks, websites, blogs, conference proceedings, or monthly magazines. o Reminder: A scholarly journal is a research-oriented academic, peerreviewed publication with an editorial board that screens articles according to the highest academic standards. There are tutorials available about academic journals on the LU library’s webpage, for example: http://www.liberty.edu/library/defining-databases-and-journals/ . Also, see the Professor’s Improvement Suggestions document for additional information, and a list of prohibited sources. · All students are reminded to keep the paper focused on the course subject matter of “Workforce Planning and Employment” (i.e., staffing). Papers receiving the most points are those that maintain a strong focus on staffing and employment. THE LACK OF DIVERSITY IN STAFFING IN MAJOR HOSPITALS IN US 2 Workforce planning and Employment is abroad area that entails many technicalities. One of the technicalities that are considered is the demography of America’s workforce and staffing issues in the healthcare field. Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature The demography of America’s workforce is diverse in terms of gender, age, race, among other factors. However, there are biases in the recruitment of staff in major hospitals in the United States. Preferences lead to lack of diversity in staffing in these significant hospitals. The issue of diversity is a substantial concern in workforce Planning and Employment. During the recruitment process, it is essential to recruit workers from diverse cultures, gender, age, religion, and race (Noe et al., 2017). Diversification is critical in Employment because people from various groups bring with them different experiences and skills. However, it is notable that in major hospitals in the US, there is a lack of diversity in staffing. Most of the employees in major hospitals belong to a particular race and gender. There is a need to research the diversification in staffing in the major hospitals in the US. A sample of hospitals will be considered to represent significant hospitals in the US. The data collected from the sample hospitals will be analyzed to give a picture of staffing in the major hospitals. A report of the findings made will assist in making the conclusions about diversity in staffing in selected hospitals. From the results, recommendations will be given to help the workforce planners in making employment policies. The topic, lack of diversity in staffing in major hospitals in the US has a relation to the course topic, Workforce Planning & Employment. The issue of diversity is crucial in making employment policies (Heneman et al., 2003). The health care sector is one of the areas where employees should be drawn from diverse areas because they are dealing with people from different communities. THE LACK OF DIVERSITY IN STAFFING IN MAJOR HOSPITALS IN US 3 References Heneman, H. G., Judge, T., & Kammeyer-Mueller, J. (2003). Staffing organizations. New York: McGraw-Hill. Noe, R. A., Hollenbeck, J. R., Gerhart, B., & Wright, P. M. (2017). Human resource management: Gaining a competitive advantage. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill Education. LITERATURE REVIEW GRADING RUBRIC Student: Criteria Levels of Achievement (150 Points) Content 70% Abstract (5 points) Introduction (10 points) Advanced Proficient Developing Not present 5 points 4 points 3 to 1 points 0 points A scholarly abstract summarizing the key points of the literature review is present. A proficient abstract summarizing the key points of the literature review is present 10 points 9 to 8 points 7 to 1 points A scholarly, complete introduction of the topic of the literature review is present, including the central theme and/or organizational pattern. The Introduction begins with a Level 1 heading. This section is at least 1 page of original discussion in length. An introduction of the topic of the literature review is present, including the central theme and/or organizational pattern. Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature The Introduction begins with a Level 1 heading. This section is at least 0.75 pages of original discussion in length. An introduction of the topic of the literature review was limited or incomplete; a Level 1 heading was not used; or this section was less than 0.75 pages of original discussion in length. An abstract was An abstract was not present but was limited present. or incomplete. 0 points An Introduction was not present. Page !1 of !7 Findings (75 points) 75 to 69 points 68 to 63 points A comprehensive, scholarly review and discussion of each of the 12 articles on the reference list is present, organized thematically (or by topic) under APAformatted headings. Each article is correctly cited in the narrative at least once, is from a peerreviewed journal, and current scholarship is used (articles are not more than 5 years old). A scholarly review and discussion of each of the 12 articles on the reference list is present, organized thematically (or by topic) under APAformatted headings. Each article is correctly cited in the narrative at least once, is from a peerreviewed journal, and current scholarship is used most of the time (1-2 articles were more than 5 years old). This section consists of at least 6 complete pages of original discussion in length. This section consists of 5.5-6 pages of original discussion in length. 62 to 1 points 0 points The discussion of Findings were not sources on the present. reference list was limited or incomplete; the findings were not organized thematically (or by topic) or under APA-formatted headings; one or more sources were not cited in the narrative; one or more sources were not from a peer-reviewed journal; current scholarship was not used most of the time (more than 3 articles were more than 5 years old). This section was less than 5.5 pages of original discussion in length. Page !2 of !7 15 to 14 points A scholarly, complete discussion of conclusions is present, including what the student has drawn from Conclusions reviewing the literature; and a and Recommendat comprehensive, scholarly discussion ions of recommendations (15 points) is present, including where discussions might proceed. An APA-formatted heading is present. 13 points A discussion of conclusions is present, including what the student has drawn from reviewing the literature; and a comprehensive, scholarly discussion of recommendations is present, including where discussions might proceed. An APA-formatted heading is present. This section is at least 0.75 pages of original This section is at least discussion in length. 1 page of original discussion in length. Structure 30% APA Formatting (25 points) 12 to 1 points 0 points A conclusion was Conclusions and present but was limited Recommendations or incomplete; were not present. Recommendations were present but were limited or incomplete; or a discussion of conclusions or a discussion of recommendations was missing; a heading was not present; or this section was less than 0.75 pages of original discussion in length. Assignment: Lack of Diversity in Staffing in US Hospitals Literature Advanced Proficient Developing Not present 25 to 23 points 22 to 21 points 20 to 1 points 0 points An APA-formatted in-text citation was provided for each reference at the appropriate places in the narrative. An APA-formatted reference list was provided. APAformatted headings were used (Level 1, and Level 2 if necessary). An in-text citation was provided for each reference at the appropriate places in the narrative. A reference list was provided. Level 1 headings were used (and Level 2, if necessary). In-text citations were missing or contained errors; references were missing or contained errors; headings were missing or contained errors. The APA format was not used. More than 6 APA errors were present. 3 – 6 APA errors were present. No more than 2 APA errors were present. Page !3 of !7 Spelling, Grammar and Mechanics (20 points) 20 to 18 points 17 points 16 to 1 points The Literature Review begins with a title/cover page and was typed in 12-point Times New Roman fonts on all pages; all pages were doublespaced; 1-inch margins on all four sides were used. Some errors with the title/cover page, 12point Times New Roman fonts, doublespacing; or 1-inch margins were present. Significant errors with the title/cover page, 12-point Times New Roman fonts, doublespacing; or 1-inch margins were present. … Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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