Anthropology paper writing -tdong

Anthropology paper writing -tdong Anthropology paper writing -tdong Need to add 500 more words to on my original work. My original work is post on the attached file, the writing instruction for the final paper is also attached in file, please check. This is our third and final progress paper. This progress paper should focus on creating a draft of your Energy Balance project (e.g. a rough draft), and illustrate that data collection has been completed and progress is being made. This paper is due online this Friday (June 1st), by 11:59 PM, Pacific Time. Anthropology paper writing -tdong Your third progress paper should be 2 to 10 pages in length. It should be a rough draft of your project, now due in less than two weeks! This should be a partially completed draft of your final paper, i.e. your outline from week 7 with more parts and pieces added, and paragraphs drafted. You will also need to show rough drafts of your tables, graphs, and data calculations. As before, this should include a list of your references, which should be consistent and illustrate that you have continued to read and gather new resources (e.g. articles, interviews, books, etc.). Grading will be based on progress made from the previous paper and the quality of your rough draft as detailed by the general rubric below. Anthropology paper writing -tdong To help me better evaluate your paper, you need to upload your paper as a pdf or word file. Progress papers are worth 10 points total. Late submissions are penalized per day/late. Finally, a general rubric that I’ll use to grade this last progress paper is as follows: Following draft and format directions 2-10 pages and considering quality (1 pt) Rough Draft that demonstrates progress towards your final project (i.e. goes beyond your outline as addressed above) (5 pts) Includes references which are referenced consistently, including new references if only a few were used in the previous outline, and demonstrates you have continued to research and draft your topic (2 pts) Illustrates proper writing skills and organizational skills, including graphs and tables (2 pts)/. Anthropology paper writing -tdong tdong_1.docx energy_balance_project_guidelines__part_1__2_.pdf energy_balance_project_guidelines__part_2__2_.pdf ORDER NOW FOR CUSTOMIZED AND ORIGINAL ESSAY PAPERS Energy Expenditure Project Energy expenditure is simply defined as the connection between energy gained into the body and energy released (Hill et al. 111). It is calculated by finding the difference between energy input and energy output. Energy input occurs whenever a person consumes food and calories, which are units of heat or energy, gets into the body (Wohlfahrt and Peter 87). The drinks and food people always take have different quantities of energy. On the other hand, one experiences energy output every time the body utilizes energy (Janssens et al 2). This biological is commonly termed as burning of calories and always happens during sleep, breathing and blood circulation (Hill et al. 111). Energy is also expended from the body during shopping, dish washing and physical exercises. Such activities constitute approximately 15% to 30% of the breakdown of calorie each day (Hill et al. 111). Considering my lifestyle, I hypothesize that my energy expenditure is higher than my energy intake. Purpose Under this project, I will calculate my energy balance by using analyzed reports from my 3 day food journal as well as 3 day physical activity journal. Methods and materials Data obtained from the journals were fed into the applications found in USDA Food Composition Databases which produced Macronutrient report. There is also micronutrient report but this project will be confined to Macronutrients and dietary fiber. Energy input My chief sources of energy are the proteins, carbohydrates and fats. Energy expenditure On top of working out at least 1 hour daily, I also play basketball. Thus, I am vigorously active. Results Based on my personal information such as 23 years in age, height of 5’9 feet and weight of 140 pounds, my estimated daily caloric need is 2889kcal/day. The results are displayed in the three tables below. Table 1 Average eaten Nutrients RDA Status (grams) Total calories 2889 calories 2751 Under Protein (g) 51 grams 84 OK Carbohydrate (g) 325-469grams 454 OK Total fiber 38grams 28 Under 64-112 grams Total fat 111 Ok Nutrients RDA Total calories 2,889 calories Table 2 Average eaten (grams) 2,800 Status Under Protein (g) Carbohydrate (g) Total fiber Total fat 51 grams 325-469 38g 64 – 112grams Nutrients RDA Total calories Protein (g) Carbohydrate (g) Dietary fiber Total fat 2,889 calories 51 grams 325-469 grams 38g 64-112 grams 91 438 31 126 Table 3 Average eaten (grams) 2800 65 460 grams 28grams 137grams OK OK Under Over Status Under OK Ok Under Over Energy Expenditure BMR for men = 66 + (13.7 × weight in kg ) + ( 5 × height in cm ) – ( 6.8 × age in years ) Thus, my BMR=66 + (13.7 × 64kg) + (5 ×180cm) – (6.8 ×23years) 1842Thus, my BMR=1,685 calories per day TDEE = 2.1×1678.8=3539kcal/day Discussion From the above results, a TDEE of 3539 kcal exceed my recommended daily intake of 2889 kcal per day. This is a negative balance. Therefore, it confirms my hypothesis that my energy output exceeds my energy input. Considering the numerous benefits garnered from exercising daily such as proper functioning of cardiovascular system, having a negative balance is not alarming as it can trigger weight loss. However, I will have to careful watch out against weight loss that can be detrimental. In conclusion confirmation of my hypothesis is an indication of self awareness. However, it also shows that I needed to revise my day to day intake and consume energy rich foods to compensate for energy loses during vigorous physical activities. A negative balance means that my body is burning more than it takes hence I have to focus on creating a positive balance while ensuring that my BMR does not surpass the acceptable limits. Anthropology paper writing -tdong Works Cited Hill, James O et al. “The Importance of Energy Balance” European endocrinology vol. 9,2 (2013): 111-115. Wohlfahrt, Georg and Peter Widmoser. “Can an energy balance model provide additional constraints on how to close the energy imbalance?” Agricultural and forest meteorology vol. 169 (2013): 85-91. Janssens, Pilou L H R et al. “Acute effects of capsaicin on energy expenditure and fat oxidation in negative energy balance” PloS one vol. 8,7 e67786. 2 Jul. 2013, doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0067786 Anthropology 220, Online Energy Balance Final Project Information and Guidelines PART 1 Your final project will be graded according to the rubrics and information provided in our syllabus, in the Final Project module, and in my announcements. First, please read the Information and Guidelines for the Research Final Project. Your Energy Balance Project will follow the same basic guidelines. In this project, you will record and analyze your own dietary intake over a 3-day period using the SuperTracker online software provided by the USDA, and you own energy expenditure over a 3day period using the information provided in the Energy Balance Appendix. There are three main goals to this project: 1) to analyze your diet in terms of energy intake, nutrient intake, and other concepts discussed and read about in our course. 2) to analyze your energy expenditure in terms of activity and in relation to energy intake and other concepts discussed and read about in our course. 3) to critically evaluate the SuperTracker software program based on your personal experience. You will communicate your findings in a formal scientific written report that must include the following five sections: Introduction, Methods and Materials, Results, Discussion, and Conclusions. Since this is a complex assignment, I am providing you with detailed guidelines for each section of your report, an separate file that explains what information goes into each section of a scientific report found in the Final Project Information module, an example of several sections at the end of this document, and several exemplars. Step 1: Get prepared 1. Set up your dietary analysis profile at www.supertracker.usda.gov/. You will be using the Food Tracker portion of the site. Play around with this program and familiarize yourself it. This will make your data collection and entry much easier. Make the necessary copies of data collection forms (see below) and decide which days you plan to collect data. Try to choose 3 days that will be representative of your usual food intake and will give you plenty of time for your data analysis. They can be consecutive days, but do not have to be. From the date of introducing this project, you only have about nine weeks to collect, organize, analyze, and write your data. We suggest getting started now, collecting your data over three consecutive days, and having data ready to analyze before your second progress paper is due. 2. Write a (or a few) prediction(s) and your dietary goal. Do you think you are in perfect, negative, or positive energy balance? Why? Are you getting enough protein? Fats? Lipids? Step 2: Collect the data 1. Maintain a record of your food intake for any 3 days. You may use the dietary intake sheet we have provided, but you do not have to (i.e. use whatever works best for you). Be as accurate as possible in describing the types of foods and the quantities consumed. Keep in mind that the SuperTracker software may expect quantities recorded in weight (grams, ounces, etc.), serving size (cups, teaspoons, etc.) or number of whole items (1 medium apple, 1 large orange, etc.). What if you can’t find values for a particular food? What if you cannot weigh you food? Use the closest weight or approximation you can find, and clearly and concisely explain your selection in your methods section. 2. Maintain a record of your energy expenditure for the same 3 days as your food intake record. You may use the energy expenditure sheet we have provided, but you do not have to. Be as accurate as possible in recording every activity that you are involved in. Anthropology paper writing -tdong This includes sleep, rest, study, eating, and activity of any nature. You will need to record the duration of activity (in minutes), and the intensity of the activity (light, moderate, high). You will later use the appendix to calculate energy expenditure. What if you cannot find a specific activity in the appendix, or one that reflects the correct attributes for that activity? Use the closest activity you can find, and clearly and concisely explain your selection in your methods section. 3. As you record and enter your data, keep notes on your own experiences with this assignment. How easy or difficult is it to accurately record your food intake and energy expenditure? How easy or difficult is it to use the SuperTracker software? Are all the foods in your diet and all the activities in your day easily found in the software program and in the appendix and the information provided? Do you think your results are accurate, or reflective of your dietary choices and activity levels? Are the results suprising? How can you use the results to better achieve your dietary goals? How does the results, or the process, relate to our course lectures and readings? How can you situate this project into a larger Nutritional Anthropology perspective? Describing these experiences will be an important part of your final report (i.e. in your discussion section). Step 3: Write the methods and materials section After completing the data collection and before doing any analysis, write the methods section of your report, i.e., a detailed description of how you collected the data. Why should the methods be written before the results are analyzed? It is good practice in scientific research to write out the methods (at least as notes) immediately so that nothing is forgotten, and so analysis of the results does not influence one’s memory of the methods. Describe the dates, locations, software and/or equipment used; as well as any exceptions, inconsistencies, or changes to the procedures during the project. Be sure to explain how quantities were measured or estimated at home, in restaurants, etc., and how accurate you were able to be. Remember, methods should be clear and detailed enough that another person could read them as if they were instructions (or a recipe ;-), and repeat the procedures exactly the same way that you did in your project. Step 4: Analyze the data Before you can write the next section of your report, you must analyze the data and think about what you want to write. To complete this part of the project you will use the Food Tracker portion of the SuperTracker software, the energy expenditure and activity information in the Energy Balance appendix, and Microsoft Excel or a comparable program to generate tables and figures. Here are the steps you should follow in your data analysis: 1. Dietary intake and Energy Expenditure. Analyze your food intake by determining total energy intake (kilocalories), macronutrient (carbohydrate, protein, fat) distribution and quantities consumed each day, and as a 3-day average. The Food Tracker program provides this information. Do this same analysis for your energy expenditure using the information provided in the appendix. You will have to calculate your energy expenditure, so be sure to input your data into Microsoft Excel to easily calculate your values. You should calculate energy expenditure each day and as a 3-day average. 2. Comparisons to recommendations for nutrient intakes. Using the “Nutrient Intake Report” link in Food Tracker, compare your energy and nutrient intakes with the recommended values (DRI). Specifically, you should record energy intake (kcal), and each of the macronutrients (protein, fats, and carbohydrates).Anthropology paper writing -tdong Do the comparisons for each day and for the 3-day averages. 3. Comparison of your energy intake and your energy expenditure values. Using Microsoft Excel or a similar program, how does your energy expenditure compare to your energy intake? Do the comparison for each day and for the 3-day averages. Although it is not required, you may decide to run a correlation coefficient analysis on your 3 days of data (the totals for each day). If so, y can include the r-value in your results section. You may also want to include a scatter plot graph to illustrate the correlation, and / or a table. 4. For all other data, use Microsoft Excel or a similar program to generate figures or tables. Both figures and tables are required, they need to be labeled, clear, easy to understand, and highlight what you believe are the most interesting findings. Step 5: Write the results section In this section, summarize the findings of your analysis both in written word and using tables and figures. This is not the place to discuss your interpretations or feelings about the results. It is the place to simply present the results and highlight the most important and interesting findings for the reader. Why can’t the results section include comments and interpretation? It is good scientific practice to keep the actual results separate from the interpretation so the reader can evaluate the results before the writer’s opinions are introduced. Summarize the results in written form. As you are summarizing your results in writing, refer to relevant tables and figures. You should use the tables and figures to help you highlight the most interesting findings, and direct the reader to more detailed information. You do not need to reiterate any information that is provided in a table or graph, simply refer the reader to the appropriate figure. Tables and figures: These should be numbered consecutively, and be in the same order that they are mentioned in the text. Each table should have a number and title at the top which clearly describes what it presents. For example, “Table 1. Daily energy and nutrient intakes” or “Table 2. Daily energy expenditure” or “Figure 1. Protein intake relative to DRI recommendation.” All columns in a table or graph should have headers clearly indicating contents and units of measure used. A table should have all of its columns and rows on the same page; in other words, tables should not cut across page breaks. Likewise, figures should have all axes clearly labeled and should appear on a single page. Also, be sure to create a key for any differently colored components of your figure (e.g. different shades or patterns of lines or bars). Step 6: Write the discussion This is the place to interpret, discuss and explain what you found, and describe how your methods influenced your findings. The discussion is arguably the most important part of your report, since it explains the “so what” of your research. At the very minimum, the discussion should address the following points: • Was your predictions (or hypotheses) on Energy Balance supported? Was this surprising in any way? If so, why? What would you plan to change if anything? How would you propose that change? • Were you surprised about any of your other results? If so, what surprised you and why? If not, why? • What problems/difficulties/inconveniences did you encounter in collecting the data? Did the actual process of data collection affect your food intake or energy expenditure in any way? If so, how? • How accurate were you able to be? Were there any circumstances that influenced your accuracy? Unexpected visitors to your home? Traveling? Work scheduling? Were there problems with the SuperTracker software? If so, how did they influence your results? • How representative are the data of your usual food intake and energy expenditure patterns? Were there unforeseen circumstances that resulted in abnormal food intake or activity levels? • How much day-to-day variation in energy expenditure and intake do your records show? Are your days consistent, or are there major differences from day to day? If there are differences, why? Anthropology paper writing -tdong • How do your energy expenditure and intake values compare with the recommendations (DRI, etc)? What, if anything, do these comparisons tell you about the adequacy of your diet and activity levels? • Based on your experience, what are the strengths and weaknesses of the USDA’s SuperTracker program? In what ways was it easy or difficult to use the program? This program is designed to be quick, simple, and intuitive for all members of the public to analyze their energy balance – specifically in terms of the dietary recommendations. Has the programs succeeded in this goal? Do you think the programs can be a useful tool for improving the nutritional quality and health of diets in the United States? How about outside the United States? • How does your results and your predictions relate to our course (lectures and readings). I what ways do our readings provide new perspective to interpret your results? How can you explore your results and this project from a biocultural nutritional perspective? Step 7: Write the introduction and title The introduction should provide a little background information including what the report is about, why it is important and why the reader should find it interesting, how it relates to aspects of our course (the lecture and reading material you have learned). Because you provided at least one prediction(s), you should present your prediction(s) in the introduction. After reading the introduction, the reader should have a clear idea of what to expect in the rest of the report. A ‘Title’ for your report has two important functions. 1) Your title should tell the reader what the report will be about, and 2) your title should catch the attention of the reader. Give your title a bit of thought. Why write the introduction and title last? So you know what you are introducing! Step 9: Write the conclusion This is where you tied everything together in a few lines, and present a final take away message. This can easily be done in a paragraph because you really can only conclude one of three things: (1) you found what you expected to find; (2) you found something you did not expect to find; (3) you found some combination of 1 and 2. Add a few more sentences briefly describing your final verdict regarding the SuperTracker program and how you incorporated the course material into your project (the culture of food). Step 10: Add the references cited It is likely that you will want to refer to outside sources in writing your report (e.g., lectures, discussions, readings, websites, etc.). If so, list them under your references cited section. Do not forget, anything that you use (reference material including the websites you use for the energy balance project) should be cited and referenced. You should at least cite material lecture (including our Energy Balance appendix), and the SuperTracker software you use for this project. For citations in the text, use the standard format used in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, or American Journal of Human Biology. For example, when you cite a source in your paper (e.g. in your methods and materials section), you should include the author and the date of the publication. For example, you might cite our files or lectures as According to Ulibarri (2017), energy balance is…. Or Total daily energy expenditure was calculated by using the Metabolic Equivalent of Tasks table provided to our class (Ulibarri & Sloan, 2016). When you cite a source, you need to include that reference in the References Cited section at the end of your paper. In your References be sure to include the author, the date, the title of the file or lecture, the course, the campus, and the location. For example, you might reference our files or lectures as Ulibarri, L. (2017). Lecture 1, Basics of Nutritional Anthropology. Anth. 220, Nutritional Anthropology. University of Oregon. Step 11: Putting the report together You should now have everything you need to assemble the report. All text should be typed (double-spaced, 1-inch margins, 12-point font). The length of your paper will partly depend on the detail you provide, the number of graphs and charts you make, and the thought put into your discussion. Typically, your re …Anthropology paper writing -tdong Purchase answer to see full attachment Student has agreed that all tutoring, explanations, and answers provided by the tutor will be used to help in the learning process and in accordance with Studypool’s honor code & terms of service . Get a 10 % discount on an order above $ 100 Use the following coupon code : NURSING10

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