1—Balance sheet computations.       (Balance Sheet) Presented

1—Balance sheet computations.       (Balance Sheet) Presented below is the trial balance of Hightower Corporation at December 31, 2017.      Debit       Credit    Cash 295,000   Sales Revenue   $12,150 Debt Investments (trading) (at cost, $218,000) 230,000   Cost of Goods Sold 7,200   Debt Investments (long-term) 448,000   Equity Investments (long-term) 416,000   Notes Payable (short-term)   135,000 Accounts Payable   682,000 Selling Expenses 3,000,000   Investment Revenue   95,000 Land 390,000   Buildings 1,560,000   Dividends Payable   204,000 Accrued Liabilities   144,000 Accounts Receivable 652,000   Accumulated Depreciation–Buildings   228,000 Allowance for Doubtful Accounts   38,000 Administrative Expenses 1,350,000   Interest Expense 317,000   Inventory 895,000   Gain   120,000 Notes Payable (long-term)   1,350,000 Equipment 900,000   Bonds Payable   1,500,000 Accumulated Depreciation–Equipment   90,000 Franchises 240,000   Common Stock ($5 par)   1,500,000 Treasury Stock 287,000   Patents 293,000   Retained Earnings   117,000 Paid-in Capital in Excess of Par                   120,000 Totals   $18,473,000   $18,473,000 Instructions Compute each of the following: 1.   Total current assets 2.   Total property, plant, and equipment 3.   Total assets 4.   Total liabilities 5.   Total stockholders’ equity       2—Statement of cash flows. A comparative balance sheet for Talkington Corporation is presented below.   December 31 Assets     2017           2016     Cash       Accounts receivable $  68,100   $  21,600 Inventory 82,800   33,000 Land 170,200   83,800 Equipment 71,400   74,000 Accumulated depreciation–equipment 280,500   212,400 Total (74,000)   (42,000)   $597,000   $545,000         Liabilities and Stockholders’ Equity               Accounts payable $ 34,000   $ 47,000 Bonds payable 150,000   200,000 Common stock ($1 par) 164,000   164,000 Retained earnings 249,000   134,000 Total $597,000   $545,000 Additional information: 1.   Net income for 2017 was $155,000; there were no gains or losses. 2.   Cash dividends of $400,000 were declared and paid. 3.   Bonds payable of $50,000 were retired. Instructions: Compute each of the following: 1.   Net cash provided by operating activities 2.   Net cash provided (used) by investing activities 3.   Net cash provided (used) by financing activities     3—Statement of cash flows ratios. Financial statements for Hilton Company are presented below: Hilton Company Balance Sheet December 31, 2017                         Assets                                                             Liabilities & Stockholders’ Equity Cash                                                       $ 40,000            Accounts payable                    $ 20,000 Accounts receivable                                  35,000            Bonds payable                            50,000 Buildings and equipment                            150,000          Common stock                           65,000 Accumulated depreciation—                                             Retained earnings                       60,000      buildings and equipment                       (50,000)                                                          $195,000 Patents                                                       20,000                                                                           $195,000                                                                                 Hilton Company Statement of Cash Flows For the Year Ended December 31, 2017 Cash flows from operating activities          Net income                                                                                                                 $50,000          Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash               provided by operating activities:                      Increase in accounts receivable                                       $(16,000)                      Increase in accounts payable                                                8,000                      Depreciation—buildings and equipment                               15,000                      Gain on sale of equipment                                                     (6,000)                      Amortization of patents                                                           2,000                  3,000 Net cash provided by operating activities                                                                            53,000 Cash flows from investing activities          Sale of equipment                                                                             12,000          Purchase of land                                                                              (25,000)          Purchase of buildings and equipment                                             (48,000) Net cash used by investing activities                                                                                  (61,000) Cash flows from financing activities          Payment of cash dividend                                                               (15,000)          Sale of bonds                                                                                    30,000 Net cash provided by financing activities                                                                             15,000 Net increase in cash                                                                                                               7,000 Cash, January 1, 2017                                                                                                         33,000 Cash, December 31, 2017                                                                                                 $40,000   At the beginning of 2017, Accounts Payable amounted to $12,000 and Bonds Payable was $20,000.   Instructions Calculate the following for Hilton Company: a.   Current cash debt coverage b.   Cash debt coverage c.   Free cash flow d.   Explain the purpose of free cash flow analysis.       4—Sales with returns and discounts. On July 2, 2018, Lake Company sold to Sue Black merchandise having a sales price of $9,000 (cost $5,400) with terms of 2/10. n/30. f.o.b. shipping point. Lake estimates that merchandise with a sales value of $900 will be returned. An invoice totaling $120, terms n/30, was received by Black on July 6 from Pacific Delivery Service for the freight cost. Upon receipt of the goods, on July 3, Black notified Lake that $350 of merchandise contained flaws. The same day, Lake issued a credit memo covering the defective merchandise and asked that it be returned at Lake’s expense. Lake estimates the returned items to have a fair value of $140. The freight on the returned merchandise was $20 paid by Lake on July 7. On July 12, the company received a check for the balance due from Black.   Instructions (a)Prepare journal entries for Lake Company to record all the events noted above assuming sales and receivables are entered at gross selling price. (b)   Prepare the journal entry assuming that Sue Black did not remit payment until August 5.         5—Warranty arrangement. On December 31, 2017, Dieker Company sells equipment to Tabor Inc. for $125,000. Dieker includes a 1-year assurance warranty service with the sale of all its equipment. The customer receives and pays for the equipment on December 31, 2017. Dieker estimates the prices to be $122,000 for the equipment and $3,000 for the cost of the warranty.   Instructions (a)   Prepare the journal entry to record this transaction on December 31, 2017. (b)   Repeat the requirements for (a), assuming that in addition to the assurance warranty, Dieker sold an extended warranty (service type warranty) for an additional 2 years (2019–2020) for $2,000.   6—Percentage-of-completion and completed-contract methods. On February 1, 2017, Marsh Contractors agreed to construct a building at a contract price of $17,400,000. Marsh estimated total construction costs would be $12,000,000 and the project would be finished in 2019. Information relating to the costs and billings for this contract is as follows:                                                                              2017                      2018                     2019      Total costs incurred to date                            $4,500,000            $7,920,000          $13,800,000 Estimated costs to complete                            7,500,000              5,280,000                     -0- Customer billings to date                                  6,600,000            12,000,000            16,800,000 Collections to date                                            6,000,000            10,500,000            16,500,000 Instructions Fill in the correct amounts on the following schedule. For percentage-of-completion accounting and for completed-contract accounting, show the gross profit that should be recorded for 2017, 2018, and 2019.                         Percentage-of-Completion                               Completed-Contract                                     Gross Profit                                                 Gross Profit             2017               ___________                            2017             ___________               2018               ___________                            2018             ___________               2019               ___________                            2019             ___________     7—Franchises. Pasta Inn charges an initial fee of $2,400,000 for a franchise, with $480,000 paid when the agreement is signed and the balance in four annual payments. The present value of the annual payments, discounted at 10%, is $1,521,000. The franchisee has the right to purchase $90,000 of kitchen equipment and supplies for $75,000. An additional part of the initial fee is for advertising to be provided by Pasta Inn during the next five years. The value of the advertising is $1,000 a month. Collectibility of the payments is reasonably assured and Pasta Inn has performed all the initial services required by the contract.   Instructions Prepare the entry to record the initial franchise fee. Show supporting computations in good form.       8—Future value of annuity.  (Tables needed.) Linda Ogleby wants to accumulate $40,000 to use for an around the world trip. She plans to accumulate the desired amount by depositing $5,500 annual-year-end payments into an account at the National Bank which pays 4% interest, compounded annually.   1.   Compute the account balance at the end of the sixth year. 2.   Compute the amount of each payment that Linda must make at the end of each of the six years to accumulate the $40,000.         9-—Entries for bad debt expense. A trial balance before adjustment included the following:                                                                                                   Debit             Credit               Accounts receivable                                                $140,000             Allowance for doubtful accounts                                                               730             Sales                                                                                                $610,000             Sales returns and allowances                                       8,000   Give journal entries assuming that the estimate of uncollectible accounts is determined by taking (1) 5% of gross accounts receivable and (2) 3% of gross accounts receivable and assume a $730 debit allowance account balance.

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